History
Nave The   Nave   (37'   x   17   1/2')   has   two   arcades.   The   north   arcade   was   built   in   c.1180,   and   has   four   bays   with   rounded   arches   of   two   orders.   The outer   order   is   square   and   the   inner   order   is   square   chamfered.   The   west-end   arch   and   the   respond-corbels   are   restorations.   The   round   columns have   moulded   capitals   and   bases.   The   south   arcade   built   in   c.1190   has   four   bays,   with   two-centre   arches   of   two   chamfered   orders.   The   round columns   have   moulded   capitals   and   restored   bases.   The   west-end   arch   and   the   respond-corbels   are   restorations.   The   western   arch   and   the chancel arch were rebuilt last century. In the Nave you will find amongst other things: Chest:    Made   of   oak,   with   moulded   styles   and   rails,   front   with   three   panels   carved   with   conventional   flowers   and   carved   frieze,   moulded and panelled lid and sides and flat ball feet, early 17th century. Font:   The   square   bowl   of   the   font   sits   on   a   circular   centre   and   dates   from   the   12th   Century.   The   four   side   angle   shafts   and   the   base   belong to the 18th Century. This was moved to its present position in the centre of the west end during restoration in 1895, from near the south door. Pews:    Made   of   oak,   probably   in   1861,   there   is   a   notice   in   the   vestry   about   them,   but   this   is   unfortunately   undated.   The   account   of   the   1895 restoration in the Parish of Hartford Minute book mentions that the seating in the chancel was changed and the rest repaired and cleaned. Pulpit:   In   1895   this   was   moved   a   few   feet   to   leave   the   arch   clear.   The   stair   rail   was   erected   in   memory   of   Granville   Robert   Chandler   and his wife Gladys, May, in 1983. "Wands of Office": Provided in 1926 by Mr Newbold to mark the churchwardens' seats. Chancel The   thickness   of   the   north   and   east   walls   of   the   chancel   indicate   that   they   were   built   in   the   12th   Century.   The   chancel   measures   21   ¼'   x   13   ½'. It   has   no   ancient   features   except   hollow   chamfered   splays   and   two   14th   Century,   centred   rear   arches   to   the   east   window,   which   were   reset   in 1861.   The   stained   glass   of   this   window   was   put   in   in   1867.   The   altar   was   raised   in   1861.   There   is   an   inscription   on   the   edge   of   the   second step,   unfortunately   covered   by   carpet,   which   ends   with   MDCCCLXVIII.   The   floor   was   laid   with   6”   Jerro-metallic   Staffordshire   red   and   black tiles. An unusual feature is that the 1861 Norman style, Chancel Arch is carved on both sides. The   Crucifer   is   'In   memory   Ann   Pryer   1853-1936'   and   the   folding   section   on   the   oak   altar   rail   is   in   memory   of   'George   William   Knight,   1981, churchwarden for 34 years'. North & South Aisles With   the   exception   of   the   east   wall   of   the   south   aisle,   most   of   the   walls   and   windows   were   rebuilt   during   the   1861   restorations.   The   south doorway   was   reset   with   a   modern   round   arch   and   c.1190   free   shafts   to   the   jambs,   with   simple   moulded   capitals   and   one   with   a   chamfered abacus   rounded   at   the   angle.   The   doors   are   oak.   The   South   Porch   was   built   in   1861.   The   north   aisle   windows   were   presented   by   'Rev.   G. Cockburn Dickinson in Commemoration of the Queen's Jubilee 1887'. Tower The   tower   (11’   square)   is   built   of   stone   rubble,   with   dressings   of   Barnack   stone   and   other   free   stones.   It   was   added   to   or   rebuilt   in   the   late 15th   Century   and   in   July   1552   there   were   five   bells.   The   tower   is   divided   externally   into   four   stages   by   string   courses   and   finished   with   an embattled   parapet   with   crocketed   pinnacles   at   the   angles   and   a   trefoiled   ogee   and   crocketed   arch   over   the   middle   crenel   of   each   side,   the merlons   have   brick   filling.   The   two   centred   tower   arch   is   of   three   chamfered   orders,   the   two   outer   continuous   and   the   inner   resting   on   semi- octagonal   attached   shafts   with   moulded   capitals.   In   the   south   wall   is   a   doorway   to   the   stair   turret   with   chamfered   jambs   and   four   centred   arch. The west doorway, now blocked, has jambs and four centred arch of two chamfered orders with a moulded label. Five   of   the   present   bells   are   dated   1796   and   one   1799   (see   appendix   2),   these   were   re-hung   in   1895.   One   of   the   bells   was   apparently   forfeited by King's Ripton for not burying a parishioner. On the north wall is a painted wooden notice informing us that: MAY -12 - 1932 A PEAL OF BOB MINOR 5040 CHANGES IN 2 HOUR 42 MIN BEING 7.720 & CALLED DIFFERENTLY H. BENJAMIN BULL 1) BEATRICE H. HIBBARD 4) JOAN M. G. SHEPHERD 2) CHARLES PANNELL 5) ERNEST PANNELL 3) JOHN SMART 6) According   to   the   Vestry   meeting   Minutes   of   26th   April   1939,   the   bells   were   again   unsafe.   The   2nd   bell   was   cracked   and   the   estimated   cost   of repair was £300. The chiming set was installed in 1949 in memory of those who died during the Second World War (see appendix 4). In   1874,   clear   glass   was   put   into   the   large   west   window.   It   has   three   modern   trefoiled   lights   in   15th   Century   casement   moulded   jambs   and four   centred   arch   with   a   moulded   label   and   head   stops.   The   second   stage   has   in   the   three   walls   a   round   headed   loop   over   which   the   string course   is   mitred.   The   bell   chamber   has   in   each   wall   a   window   of   two   pointed   lights   in   a   four   centred   head   with   a   moulded   label   and   carved stops.   There   is   a   carved   wooden   screen   across   the   West   End   of   the   nave   in   memory   of   Patience   Seeley   who   died   in   1938.   This   was   extended in 1995, to completely enclose the choir vestry as a memorial to Peter & Jean Bath. Charities On the west wall of the tower are two large wooden boards, which were cleaned and restored in 1978 by Mr. J. Dillistone. These set out clearly the details of two charities: In 1707, Bank's charity gave 40 shillings a year to the poor on St Bartholomew's Day and New Year's Day. In   1716,   Thong's   charity   was   set   up   to   provide   £4   per   annum   for   the   minister   and   churchwardens;   £16   was   to   be   used   to   apprentice   a   boy   who must be able to write, cast accounts, and repeat the catechism; £12 was to be given to him at the end of his apprenticeship. Organ Chamber The   organ   was   moved   into   the   old   vestry,   above   the   boiler   house,   on   the   north   side   of   the   chancel   in   1895.   This   involved   cutting   an   arch   into the   north   wall   of   the   chancel   and   a   window   into   the   west   end   of   the   chamber.   Apparently   the   heat   helped   solve   problems   with   the   organ. According   to   the   minutes   of   the   Vestry   meeting   of   6th   August   1880,   it   was   agreed   to   move   the   organ   to   the   north   corner   of   the   nave   'nearer the   warming   apparatus   with   a   view   to   the   instrument   being   kept   in   better   tune'.   The   move   allowed   light   from   the   west   window   back   into   the church. Vestry The   vestry   was   built   in   1895   when   the   old   vestry   was   converted   into   the   organ   chamber.   On   the   south   wall   there   is   a   brass   shield   inscribed with "TO THE GLORY OF GOD. THIS CHURCH WAS RESTORED BY VOLUNTARY OFFERING AD 1895.  J. GEORGE GIBSON VICAR; A. J. DESBOROUGH, G. WARBURTON CHURCHWARDENS". Above the doorway from the organ chamber there is a painted wooden notice informing us that   THE INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR BUILDING & CHURCHES GRANTED £35 TOWARDS RESEATING THIS CHURCH, UPON THE CONDITION THAT 140 SEATS NUMBERED 1 TO 23 BE RESERVED FOR THE USE OF THE POORER IN-HABITANTS OF THIS PARISH. There   are   two   small   benches   in   the   Sunday   school   corner,   numbered   14   &   15,   which   an   undated   plan   in   the   County   Record   Office   show   as originally being in the tower.   19th Century Restorations During   these   restorations,   according   to   W.   H.   Saunders   1888,   Legends,   etc.,   of   Huntingdonshire,   upwards   of   20   broken   stone   coffins   were found   whilst   making   preparations   for   new   flooring.   The   lids   of   eight   of   these   bore   the   Saxon   symbol   of   the   cross   and   anchor   whilst   several others   had   richly   floriated   crosses   of   a   later   date.   There   were   also   traces   of   rude   distemper   paintings,   including   full   length   figures   of   a   queen, St. George and the Dragon and large Maltese crosses on the columns and wall, according to this same source. In   Huntingdon's   County   Record   Office   there   are   some   undated   plans,   which   since   they   do   not   show   the   present   organ   chamber,   I   assume   were prepared   for   the   1861   restoration.   Rolled   in   these   plans   is   a   'Specification   of   works   required   to   be   done   in   the   restoration   of   the   Chancel   for the   Lady   Olivia   Bernard   Sparrow'.   They   noted   'to   take   off   the   old   roof   and   clear   away   the   old   pews   in   Chancel   to   be   the   property   of   Lady Olivia   Bernard   Sparrow'.   The   timber   for   the   roof   was   to   be   best   Douglas   yellow   fir   and   the   oak   for   the   pews   and   door   was   to   be   English   and five years seasoned. These were to be finished with linseed oil, mixed with a little red lead. There   are   several   entries   in   the   Parish   Minute   Book   between   February   1863   and   January   1864   referring   to   the   mortgaging   of   church   land   to raise the means to liquidate the debt of £160 incurred in restoration. The   Vestry   Minutes   of   April   1895   record   the   estimated   cost   of   restoration   at   £400   and   a   subscription   list   being   opened.   The   24th   October records   the   re-opening   of   the   church   by   Lord   Bishop   of   Diocese.   The   1895   restoration   is   well   documented,   with   a   copy   of   the   original 'Specification   &   Plans',   a   copy   of   the   Faculty   required   from   Ely   before   work   could   commence   and   a   detailed   account   in   the   Vestry   Minutes   of 1897. Lady Olivia Bernard Sparrow She   was   the   wife   of   Brigadier   General   Robert   Bernard   Sparrow   in   1797   who   died   at   sea   in   1805.   She   inherited   the   estates   of   the   Bernard family   and   lived   at   Brampton   Park.   According   to   Robson's   Directory   1839   entry   for   Hartford   she   was   'Lay   Rector   &   Impropriator   of   Great Tithe' and was therefore responsible for the upkeep of the chancel. Church Plate In   1932   the   Rev.   E.   G.   Alderson   deposited   the   items   not   in   constant   use   for   safe   keeping   in   the   Fitzwilliam   Museum,   Cambridge.   They   can   be viewed by viewed by prior arrangement. See appendix 3 for a description of the items. Memorials There   are   no   early   family   monuments   as   largely   the   monks   of   the   Priory   ministered   to   the   church   and   the   Prior   himself   was   lord   of   the   manor. He and the monks he appointed as vicars would be buried in the Priory graveyard. In   the   church   are   five   18th   Century   wall   memorials,   and   one   slate   memorial   in   the   nave   floor   near   the   lectern.   There   are   three   19th   Century wall   tablets   and   two   floor   memorials   at   the   west   end   of   the   nave.   These   were   only   revealed   again   in   November   1991   after   the   wooden   floor had   to   be   removed.   One   memorial   window   in   the   south   wall   of   the   chancel   is   in   memory   of   the   Rev.   Cockburn-Dickinson's   son   who   drowned in 1885, aged ten. Parish Registers & Minute Books Apart   from   the   present   ones,   the   Registers   of   Baptisms,   Marriages,   Burials   and   the   Minute   Books   are   kept   in   the   guardianship   of   the   County Records Office in Huntingdon. Appendix 5 is an edited list of their references. The   Minute   Books   come   in   various   shapes   and   sizes,   as   does   the   hand   writing.   This   gives   the   reader   a   challenge,   but   can   be   rewarding   and interesting given the time. The   early   books   mainly   seem   to   record   such   appointments   as   churchwardens,   constables,   overseers   of   the   poor   and   Highways   Board   Way Warden.   There   are   details   of   some   payments   for   certain   offices   and   the   setting   of   rateable   value   on   local   properties.   The   later   books   show   a more verbatim account of the important events of the church community. The Churchyard In   the   churchyard,   near   the   Southeast   corner   of   the   chancel   there   is   an   interesting   memorial,   a   triangular   obelisk   inscribed   "MORS   META VIARUM"   with   the   date   "MDCCXXXV"   at   the   base.   Translated,   the   inscription   means   "Death   is   the   turning   point   of   the   ways".   It   is   said   to commemorate   the   clearing   of   the   churchyard   in   1735   in   order   that   it   might   be   buried   over   again,   a   common   practice   in   days   gone   by   (marked S on the map). On   Tuesday   22nd   May   1860,   Thomas   the   Bishop   of   Ely   consecrated   an   addition   to   the   church   yard   of   '32   perches,   fenced   by   a   brick   wall'. The   land   was   'conveyed   by   Edward   Barnard   Hopkins   and   Ann   Eliza   Hopkins,   tenant   in   fee   and   by   the   mortgages   in   fee   of   the   manor   of Hartford, with the consent of Sir Henry Pelly, tenant for life of the said manor’. Original drawing by Mike Stephenson Huntingdonshire Family HistorySociety The Vicarage According   to   an   entry   in   the   Vestry   Minute   Book   for   1790   "the   vicarage   was   built   with   stud,   clay   and   thatch.   Three   little   rooms   above   and below,   one   little   barn   and   one   stable   with   adjoining   close   -   1   acre,   fenced   round   with   dead   hedge.   Tithes   due   to   Vicar,   wool,   lamb,   calf,   pig, eggs,   corn   and   bullock   -   but   there   has   been   a   composition   of   about   30   years   standing   consented   to   by   the   vicars   successively   and   by   the   major part of the parish that vicars should be allowed in lieu of these tithes, twenty shillings of plow and four shillings of cottage per annum." The   1822   Glebe   Terrier   describes   the   vicarage   as   "belonging   to   the   King,   with   the   glebe   and   profit   of   the   vicarage   worth   134   per   year   (sic).   It comprised   a   dwelling   house   42ft   long   and   20ft   breadth   and   a   thatched   connected   barn   and   stable   45ft   by   13ft.   A   ring   fence   enclosed   a   3   acre orchard,   garden   and   close,   adjoining   the   church   yard   of   1   rood.   There   was   an   enclosed   allotment   of   57   acres   in   lieu   of   tithes.   The   land   left   for the repair of the church, is situated in the parish and commands a rent of £17 10s per year. The rectory belongs to Lady Sparrow." A   new   vicarage   was   built   whilst   John   Daniel   Hopkins   was   the   vicar   around   1845   and   an   ex-tension,   including   a   new   porch   with   the   date   on key   stone   added   in   1860.   What   might   have   been   desirable   in   the   19th   century   seems   to   have   become   a   liability   during   the   20th   Century.   In 1912   Hartford   Lodge,   Sapley   Lane   was   being   used   by   the   Rev.   A.   Crosfield   because   it   was   a   more   manageable   size   than   the   vicarage   on Hartford Road. This didn't last long because the Hunts County News informs us of the auction of Hartford Lodge. In   1934   a   letter   to   Ely   Diocesan   Dilapidation's   Board   from   Architect   Inskip   Ladds   stated   that   the   house   with   4   sitting   rooms,   7   bedrooms   and 2   kitchens,   was   far   too   large   and   had   too   many   out   buildings.   Amongst   several   proposals   he   recommended   pulling   down   part   of   the   domestic quarters   and   altering   the   remainder.   It   was   proposed   that   the   stable   was   converted   into   a   garage,   the   hay   store   into   a   wood   shed;   the   coach house   and   several   buildings   should   be   pulled   down.   The   garden   was   "much   too   large   and   in   these   days   of   high   wages   an   insupportable burden". Suggestions   were   made   for   selling   various   parts,   stressing   the   importance   of   the   provision   of   fencing.   By   1936   the   building   was   reduced   and refurbished with the installation of mains water and electricity in readiness for the arrival of the Rev. J.G.F. Holmes. The   PCC   minutes   of   June   13th   1949,   records   that   Vicar   Canon   Green's   son   bought   a   house   in   Huntingdon,   apparently   near   Edward   house   and the   Bishop   gave   approval   to   let   the   vicarage.   There   was   also   a   proposal   that   the   old   vicarage   was   sold   and   a   smaller   one   built   on   glebe   land. There were a number of tenants during the early 1950's after the vicarage had been sub-divided and let. Canon   Green   retired   in   1955   and   the   PCC   Minutes   of   October   10th   1956   record   the   "Proposed   sale   of   existing   parsonage,   purchase   of 'Lindisfarne'   on   junction   of   Wyton/Warboys   road".   This   did   not   happen   and   according   to   the   PCC   Minutes   of   October   13th   1958,   the   Rev   H Hinkley had a telephone installed in the vicarage. Rev. Herbert Hinkley 1960 at gates of vicarage List of RECTORS & VICARS ALL SAINT'S HARTFORD RECTORS                                                         PATRONS 1247                     John de Hemingford                                                           Huntingdon Priory VICARS Robert                                                                                                                          d. 1274 1274                     John de Wenington                                                             Huntingdon Priory                d. 1274 1274                     Elias de Huntingdon                                                                    " "                               d. 1296 1296                     John de Haregrave                                                                       " "                                                       Robert                                                                                                                           d. 1316 1316                     Simon de Clifton                                                                 Huntingdon Priory                r. 1317 1317                     Nicholas Keten                                                                             " "                             d. 1332 1333                     Hugh Curteys                                                                               " "                            ex. 1342 1342                     Richard de Wolle                                                                         " "                               r. 1356        1356                     John de Infirmaria de Herford                                                       " "                             ex. 1378 1378                     William Balle                                                                                " "                               r. 1400 1400                     John Wynter, senior de Thrapston                                                 " " 1410                     Robert Maryot                                                                              " "                             John Austyn                                                                                                                    r. 1435 1435                     William Abram                                                                    Huntingdon Priory                             John Bacche                                                                                                                   d. 1457 1457                     Thomas Wolde                                                                   Huntingdon Priory                d. 1467 1467                     William Keteryng                                                                           " "                             r. 1474 1474                     Radulph Wodeward                                                                      " "                              r. 1482 1482                     John Dighton or Dyeton                                                                 " "                             r. 1482 1482                     William Keteryng                                                                           " "                             Thomas Hereford                                                                                                            r. 1497 1497                     John Willingham                                                                  Huntingdon Priory                             John Greve                                                                                                                     r. 1540 1540                     Nicholas Yates                          John Howode, [Huntingdon Priory being dissolved] 1560                     Thomas Hulcock                       The Lord Keeper of the Great Seal                                                                              at the request of the Parishioners                                  d. 1563 1564                     Christopher Keye                                                                           " " 1597                     Clement Bacon                                                                              " " 1598                     Thomas Richards, M .A                                                        Queen Elizabeth                 d. 1620 1620                     Ezechiel Waade                             Benjamin Dod 1660                    Thomas Case, M .A. 1665                    John Bush                                                                              King Charles II                  d. 1684 1684                    John Sturges, M .A .                                                                        " "                        cess 1690 1690                    Samuel Sturges, M .A.                                                     King William & Queen Mary      d. 1706 1710                    Robert Crosse, B.A.                                                       Queen Anne 1720                   John Mathews                                                                  King George I 1732                    Robert Manlove, M .A.                                                                                                    d. 1753 1753                    Richard Caryer                                                                King George II 1771                    John Trollope                                                                  King George Ill                          d. 1794 1794                    Thomas Daniel Trollope, M .A.                                                     " "                              ex. 1828 1828                    John Daniel Hopkins, M .A                                              King George IV                         d. 1857 11 1857                    Charles Henry Benson Gladwin, B.A                                Queen Victoria 1860                    George Pinder                                                                              " "                                r. 1870 1870                    Frederick Nottidge Ripley, M .A 1880                    George Cockburn-Dickinson                                                                                             r. 1894 1894                    John George Gibson                                                                                                         r. 1895 1896                    Edward Gripper Banks, D.D.                                           Captain Beeching                       d. 1904 1904                    Alexander Chorley Crossfield, M .A.                                 Bishop of Ely by lapse 1914                    Ellerton Garside Alderson, M .A.                                      Major Beeching                         r. 1933 1936                    John George Frederick Holmes, M .A.                              Bishop of Ely                            r. 1947 1947                    George A. Green, B.A Hon Canon                                              " "                                  r. 1955 1957                    Herbert Hinkley                                                                 Queen Elizabeth II                     r. 1967 1967                    Robin Jeffree, A .K .C.                                                     Bishop of Ely                           r. 1983 1985                    John R. Sansom                                                                          " "                                 r. 1991  1993                    Ayodeji Malcolm Guite                                                                " "                                 r. 1998 1999                    Mark Savage                                                                                                                     r. 2012 Copied from a list in the church on the right of south doors Little is known about most of the vicars listed above, presumably they preached their sermons, tended their flock and lived their lives. Documentary evidence of several survives. Rev G. Cockburn-Dickinson The   'Local   News'   column   of   The   Hunts   Guardian   Friday   May   8   1885   recorded   the   following   MELANCHOLY   OCCURRENCE-   "On Saturday   last   an   inquest   was   held   at   the   King   of   Prussia   public   house   in   this   village   on   the   body   of   Francis   Trevelyan   Egerton   Dickerson   aged 10,   son   of   the   Rev.   G.   C.   Dickerson,   vicar   of   Hartford,   who   was   taken   out   of   the   water   dead   that   morning.   It   appeared   from   the   evidence   of Elizabeth   Hitch,   one   of   the   domestic   servants   in   the   family,   that   on   Friday   the   deceased,   his   younger   brother   and   the   vicar   were   working   in the   garden   before   early   dinner,   and   as   was   supposed   they   all   went   into   the   house   about   1.00   (sic)   to   dine.   The   deceased   disappeared   from   the house   and   the   vicar   and   the   other   son   sat   down   to   dinner,   but   as   deceased   did   not   go   to   dinner   also   a   search   was   made   for   him   about   the   house and   garden.   Witness   ultimately   went   to   the   riverside   and   there   she   found   the   jacket   that   had   been   worn   by   the   deceased,   but   could   not   find him   anywhere.   A   search   in   the   river   was   then   made   for   the   body   until   late   in   the   evening,   but   without   success.   His   cap   was   found   in   a   chair   in the   kitchen.   The   dog   was   kept   near   the   boathouse   and   deceased   used   sometimes   go   and   fetch   the   dog,   but   it   was   not   there   when   he   went   to   the boathouse.   Did   not   think   deceased   knew   the   dog   was   brought   from   the   boathouse.   George   Crow,   labourer,   Hartford,   deposed   to   finding   the body   on   Saturday   morning   about   four   yards   from   the   bank.   The   water   was   about   20   feet   deep   where   he   pulled   it   out.   The   jury   returned   a verdict of "accidentally drowned in the river Ouse". His   surviving   children   seem   to   have   caused   him   some   embarrassment,   according   to   'the   Looker-On'   in   the   local   paper   of   19th   March   1892, shown   opposite.   The   consequence   of   these   events   resulted   in   the   item   below   being   reported   in   the   following   Saturday's   paper.   For   those interested, the complete transcript of the "Petty Sessions" can be read on a microfilm in the reference section of Huntingdon library. "The Hunts County Guardian" Saturday 26th March 1892 Rev E. Gripper Banks These   newspaper   cuttings   can   be   found   in   a   file   left   by   Sidney   Inskip   Ladds   who   was   an   architect   and   local   historian   and   has   already   been mentioned in connection with the vicarage. We still frequently use a chalice in our services that is engraved in his memory . courtesy of the Norris Museum, St Ives Rev A. C. Crosfield The   1st   Hunts   (Hartford)   Scout   Group   is   the   fourth   oldest   Group   in   the   world.   It   was   founded   in   February   1908   by   the   Rev   A.C.   Crosfield   and Mr.   R.C.   Coleridge,   the   first   Scout   Master.   The   original   six   scouts   were   Grenville   Onyett   (the   first   Patrol   Leader   of   the   Peewit   Patrol),   Harry Miles,   W   Wright,   H   Wright,   P   Woods   and   R   Watts.   They   are   pictured   in   a   copy   of   this   1909   lanternslide   with   the   Rev.   Crosfield   and   Mr. Coleridge. Rev. Crosfield became County Secretary and Commandant for the Boy Scouts. According   to   a   1912   biography,   he   had   been   born   in   Liverpool   in   1867,   gained   his   M.A.   at   Clare   College,   Cambridge   in   1895,   and   became vicar   of   Hartford   in   1904.   He   was   also   connected   with   the   Church   Lads   Brigade.   He   left   Hartford   in   1913   and   moved   to   South   Africa.   His death was recorded by the Hunts Post on 1st November 1934. Village Hall A   wooden   prefabricated   Hall,   purchased   in   London   was   built   by   public   subscription   some   time   after   the   arrival   of   Rev.   Dr.   Banks   (1896   - 1903),   opposite   the   vicarage   gates.   The   first   mention   of   the   Parish   Hall   as   a   venue   for   vestry   or   Church   meetings   was   in   the   Minute   Book   of May   1899.   It   was   let   regularly   for   meetings   of   the   Women's   Institute,   Whist   Drives,   Dances   and   meetings   of   all   kinds.   The   1st   Hunts (Hartford)   Scout   Troop,   met   at   Parish   Hall   from   February   1908   until   1939.   It   was   requisitioned   by   the   military   during   both   World   Wars   and during the 2nd one, the furniture and equipment was stored in the loft of the Manor House. In   1938   the   Vicar   J.   G.   F.   Holmes   expressed   a   wish   to   hand   over   responsibility   for   the   Parish   Hall   to   the   PCC.   A   problem   of   whether   it   was built   on   Glebe   or   Parish   land   and   the   fact   that   it   was   not   used   mainly   for   ecclesiastical   purposes   caused   protracted   negotiations.   A   Deed   was finally   signed   in   1948   with   the   Ely   Diocesan   Board   of   Finance,   holding   the   hall   in   trust   for   the   PCC.   It   was   to   be   managed   by   a   PCC   sub- committee and 'Chapel people welcome to use it at the fixed hourly rate'. Lettings   continued   to   be   good   but   maintenance   and   funding   were   a   continual   headache.   A   Fire   Officer's   report   of   1961   stated   that   to   obtain   a theatrical licence the hall needed a fire door and more extinguishers. In   1966   the   committee   started   to   investigate   ways   of   funding   £5000   to   add   a   better   kitchen   and   cloakroom   facilities.   This   was   finally   resolved in   1971   with   Ely   agreeing   to   a   28-year,   £1   per   year   lease   and   the   formation   of   a   Hall   Trust.   This   allowed   for   a   Community   Council   grant   to fund   the   required   improvements.   At   the   end   of   that   lease   and   again   after   protracted   negotiations   with   Ely   and   the   Freemen's   Charity   we   will have a new Village Hall for the start of the next millenium. HARTFORD VILLAGE Church and ford c1870 (courtesy of CRO Huntingdon) In the Domesday Survey (1086), Hartford is given under the lands of the king and had been committed to the charge of Ranulf brother of Ilger, a minister of the crown. He had 4 ploughs and the 30 villagers and 3 smallholders had 8 ploughs. North   of   Sapley   Park   Farm   are   the   remains   of   the   earthworks   of   a   small   'mound   &   bailey'   castle   of   unknown   origin,   which   appears   to   be   of   a 12th   Century   date   and   was   probably   an   'adulterin'   or   unlicensed   castle.   It   consists   of   a   mound   about   9   ft.   high,   surrounded   by   a   wet   ditch   of oval form and with remains of a small outer enclosure on the south. Much   of   Huntingdonshire   land   was   owned   by   the   church   in   1086,   being   held   by   the   Abbeys   of   Thorney,   Ramsey   and   Peterborough;   the Bishop   of   Lincoln;   the   Priorys   at   St   Neots   &   St   Ives;   the   Cistercian   Abbey   at   Sawtry   and   the   Austin   Canons   at   Stonely.   There   were   six religious   foundations   in   Huntingdon,   the   most   important   and   earliest   being   the   Priory   of   St   Mary.   This   was   a   house   of   Augustine   Canons established   before   the   Norman   Conquest   near   the   pre-sent   day   All   Saints   and   relocated   near   to   the   cemetery   in   Priory   Road   in   the   12th century. The   village   later   known   as   Herford   and   Harford   was   granted   to   St.   Mary's   Priory,   Huntingdon,   by   Henry   I   (1100   -   1135)   at   a   fee   farm   rent   of £12   by   the   year.   This   grant   was   confirmed   by   Pope   Eugenius   III   in   1147   and   again   in   1253   and   1327.   In   1276,   the   Prior   of   Huntingdon claimed   view   of   frankpledge   in   his   manor   of   Hartford   and   presentments   were   made   as   to   obstructions   in   the   river   Ouse   partially   caused   by   the prior's   valuable   mills,   whereby   ships   could   not   reach   Huntingdon.   The   manor   continued   to   belong   to   the   Priory   of   St.   Mary   until   the dissolution, 11th July 1538 when the prior and eight remaining canons were pensioned off. Much   of   the   village   was   originally   along   the   banks   of   the   river   as   that   was   the   main   form   of   transport.   Goods   were   brought   in   and   taken   to other   villages   and   towns   up   and   down   the   Ouse.   There   was   a   road   beside   the   river,   traces   of   which   can   be   seen   in   the   garden   of   Hartford House. A road, known as Dixon's or Dixey's Lane, also ran from the Manor House to the river. The Grove was first known as Pig Hollow. In 1275, a water wheel was constructed near where Anchor Cottage now stands. The latter was not built until Tudor times, when as with other dwellings built at that time, it was thatched. It is thought that it was a public house from the time it was built until the end of the 19th century, and was a regular calling place for barges plying their trade when sailing between Kings Lynn and Bedford. In one of its barns was a ring where Dick Turpin is said to have tied his horse. St. Giles Hospital was built in Hartford Meadows during the 13th Century. Little is known about it, and it fell into decay about a century after its foundation. There   were   fewer   than   50   houses   in   the   village   in   1771.   The   King   of   the   Belgians   (formerly   King   of   the   Prussians)   is   still   situated   in   the   Main Street.   In   1804,   the   Barley   Mow   was   built   from   masonry   from   St.   Benet's   Church,   Huntingdon,   which   was   destroyed   that   year.   For   many years,   biennial   courts   were   held   in   the   Barley   Mow.   The   Manor   House,   a   half-timbered   house,   was   built   probably   by   Robert   Taylor,   the original   Lords   of   the   Manor,   the   Priors,   having   no   need   of   a   dwelling   in   Hartford.   The   only   other   large   house   in   the   village   is   Hartford   House Grove House), an elegant, red brick, 17th Century grounds go down to the river. Since the Second World War, as can be seen by this table Hartford has grown considerably and has become closely linked with Huntingdon. The Future As can be seen from the details in this pamphlet the played a very important part in the life of Hartford 820 years and is still doing so today. We look forward to the next millennium with the same enthusiasm and faith as our predecessors must have done in 1180. The church building has continually been extended during this period as the needs of the congregation were met. The growth in the number of Hartford's inhabitants and the desire for more convenient basic facilities, on site, will continue this process, into the new millennium. Acknowledgements I would like to thank the staff of Huntingdon library, for pointing me in the right direction. My wife requires a big thank you for her help with the research and patience with my hours spent at the computer. Thank you to the churchwardens for access to the current church documents and to the staff of the Huntingdon County Records Office for earlier documents, the staff of the Norris Museum, St Ives and Mr & Mrs Maltby for Scout history. I am indebted to Mrs. Lilian Ann Coley, Mr. David Cozens and the late Phillip G. M. Dickinson, for the re-search that they have done in the past. Bibliography Primary Sources 1. Act of Consecration, Addition to Church Yard 22-5-1860. CRO 2. 15 GEO.VI cap.145 - Burial, England Discontinuance. The Burial Grounds (Hartford) Order 1951. 3. Files of late Mrs. Betty Magee, PCC Secretary 1950 - 1973. CRO 4. Files of Sidney Inskip Ladds, ARIBA, 1867 - 1950. Norris Museum 5. Parish Minute Book 1861; plus 7 subsequent ones (missing 1966-75) CRO 6. Mike Stephenson: Huntingdonshire Family History Society 1998 7. The Hunts County Guardian (Friday May 8 1885) 'Local News' column 8. The Hunts County Guardian (Saturday May 19 1885) 'The Looker-On' column. 9. The Hunts County Guardian (Saturday May 26 1885) 'Petty Sessions' column. Secondary Sources 1. Cocke, T. Recording A Church: an illustrated glossary, Council for British Archaeology, 1989 2. Coley, L., & Cozens, D., research, The Parish Church All Saints' Hartford, PCC, 1980 3. Curl, J. S. English Architecture An Illustrated Glossary, David & Charles, Devon, 1977 2. Dunn, Christopher, The Book Of Huntingdon, Barracuda Books, Chesham, 1977 3. Dickinson, Phillip G. M., The Borough of Huntingdon & Godmanchester Official Hand book,     Hambleden Press, Huntingdon, 1964 4. Dickinson, P.G.M., 'The Hartford (Huntingdon) Treasure Trove' Records of Huntingdonshire:     Vol. 1 Part 1 pages 2-4: (Huntingdonshire Local History Society 1965) 5. Miles, Harry, Scouting For 58 Years With The 1st Hunts. Troop, The Scout Association Archives,1972 6. Morris, John, ed., Domesday Book Huntingdonshire, Phillimore, Chichester, 1975 7. Owen, T.M.N. Rev. MA. The Bells Of Huntingdonshire, Jarrold & Son, 1899. 8. Page, William, ed., The Victoria History of the Counties of England, A History of Huntingdonshire     Vol.2, p.171 -175, Uni. of Lon. Institutes of Historic Research. 1974 9. Pike, W.T. ed., Huntingdonshire Contemporary Biographies, Pike, Brighton, 1912 10. Robsons Directory 1839 11. Royal Commission of Historical Monuments, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of       Huntingdonshire, p. 128-130 HMSO, London, 1926 12. Temple, Nigel, Dr. 'Pages From An Architect's Notebook - Lady Olivia Sparrow & John Nash'       Records of Huntingdonshire: Vol. 2 No. 6 (Hunts Local History Soc. 1986) 13. Wicks, Michael, A History of Huntingdonshire, Oxford U.P. 1985 14. Wooder, A., 'Post Reformation Mixed Gothic in Huntingdonshire Church Towers and its       Campanological Associations', The Archaeological Journal vol. 141, Reprinted from       The Royal Archaeological Institute, 1984 APPENDIX 1 Architectural Glossary Abacus: flat slab forming the top of a capital Arcade: series of arches supported by columns Arch: construction of blocks disposed in a curve or curves, supporting each other and the          weight of the wall above it. Arris: a sharp edge where two surfaces meet. Capital: upper part of a column. Casement: deep concave moulding of window jambs. Chamfer: narrow 450 plane formed when the an-is is removed. Also stopped, hollow & sunk versions. Corbel: a projecting block that supports a parapet or beam. Crocket: projecting hook-shaped, leafy knobs, usually along the sloping edges of pinnacles. Embattled: indented with vertically projecting merlons, separated by spaces called embrasures or crenelles. Foil: a small arc in the tracery of medieval windows or panels. Jamb: side of doorway or window. Label: a square drip or hood mould over an arch, doorway or window. Loop: a small narrow slit in a wall. Mullion: slender vertical member between the lights in a window or screen opening. Ogee: a double curve formed of a convex and a concave element. Order: in medieval architecture, one of a series of recessed arches and jambs forming a splayed opening. Parapet: a low wall concealing a gutter or roof. Pier: large masonry support, usually for an arch. Pillar: free-standing upright member of any section that is slender in proportion to its height. Pinnacle: a small decorative turret or spire. Respond: a half-pier attached to a wall to support an arch at the end of an arcade. Reveal: the side of an opening in a wall between the framework and the face of wall. Shaft: part of column between base and capital; small columns clustered around pillars or jambs. Splay: an angled reveal. String-course: a horizontal, usually moulded band projecting slightly from a wall. References: Cocke, T. Recording A Church: an illustrated glossary, Council for British                     Archaeology, 1989; Curl, J. S. English Architecture An Illustrated Glossary, David                     & Charles, Newton Abbott, 1977 APPENDIX 2 Bell Inscriptions 1. ROBT. TAYLOR ST. NEOTS FECIT . 1799 Y (27 ins) 2. ROBT. TAYLOR ST. NEOTS FECIT . 1796 LEONARD WALLER & CHARLES     BEAUMONT, OVER-SEERS (28 and a quarter ins) 3. ROBT. TAYLOR FECIT . 1796. JOSEPH BUTT AND JOHN RIPPIN, CHURCHWARDENS (29 and a half ins) 4. WHILST THUS WE JOIN IN CHEERFUL SOUND LET LOVE AND LOYALTY     ABOUND A A (Coins) TAYLOR FECIT 1796 (33 ins) 5. THE C. WARDENS. THE OVER-SEERS. CAUTHORN BLEAK AND JOHN RANDAL, THE PRINCIPAL     PARITIONERS WHEN WE WAS CAST 1796 (33 and a half ins) 6. I TO THE CHURCH THE LIVING CALL AND TO THE GRAVE DO SUMMON ALL    TAYLOR FECIT. 1796. JOSEPH BUTT & JOHN RIPPIN CHURCHWARDENS (36 and a half ins)     Reference: A History of Huntingdonshire Vol.2; The Bells Of Huntingdonshire APPENDIX 3 Church Plate 1. Silver communion cup inscribed 'Hartford in Com Huntingdon' and hall-marked for 1689¬90. (Queen Anne) 2. Silver paten on foot, inscribed 'The gift of John Waller, gent: for the use of the Church     of Hartford in the County of Huntingdon 1748,' but it bears the hall-mark for 1749-50.     IHS Cross & Nails in a Glory made by John Rowe. (Geo. II) 3. Pewter Plate inscribed 'Hartford com Huntingdon 1749' 4. Silver-gilt chalice inscribed 'All Saints Church Hartford Xmas 1906. In memoriam     E.G.B. Priest. Sep. 23, 1903' Hallmarked 1903-4. 5. Paten, inscribed as above, but hallmarked for 1904-5. 6. Silver-gilt cruet 1907: lid is surmounted by a cross with a ring of trefoils below. Body is divided     into compartments and has a band of engraving around the top. Under the foot is a very long inscription     recording the gift of the piece to the church in 1912 in memory of Reginald Charles Coleridge. (In box) 7. Silver-plated flagon, no marks, Victorian, lid surmounted by a four-armed cross, round the neck is a     band of engraving and around the middle of the body is the inscription '+ pascha nostrum immoltus     est christos' (I surmise that this item is inscribed in memory of Reginald Charles Coleridge,     drowned in the Titanic, 15 April 1912; and hall-marked for 1912-13.) (In box) 8. Silver-gilt wafer box inscribed 'Thomas Rawsthorne Magee 1884 - 1970' 9. Silver-gilt chalice inscribed 'In loving Memory Maisie & Nancy Fisher Easter 1996' 10. Silver-gilt bowl paten, no marks. Reference: 1. Present 'Glebe Terrier'; 2. Fitzwilliam Museum receipt; 3. A History of Huntingdonshire Vol.2 20 APPENDIX 4 Memorials Chancel: 1. Jacob Julien Baumgartner, d. 1816; Tryce Mary, his wife, d. 1815; Robert Jacob, their son, d. 1810;     and Tryce Mary Susanna, their daughter, d. 1835; John Thomas Baumgartner, of Godmanchester, d. 1874;     and Phillipa, his wife, d. 1882. 2. The Hon. Ursula [Cockburn Dickinson], daughter of Lord Londesborough, d. 1880 3. Window to Francis Trevelyan Egerton Cockburn-Dickinson, d. 1885. 4. Reginald Charles Coleridge, d. 1912. 5. Window renovated in memory of Leonard & Phyllis Everett 1983 Nave: 1. John Sugar Thompson, d. 1846, and Susanna, his wife, d. 1842. 2. War Memorial, 1914-1918: Sec Lieutenant John Arthur Marshall, Sergt Herbert John Freeman,     Sergt Edward Frank Todd, Corpl Joseph Edwin Livett, M.M., Corpl George Robinson Wells,     Pte Albert Edward Rann, Pte Joseph Belsham, Pte Charles Amos Baxter, Pte Albert William Linford,     Pte George Childs, Pte Albert Walter Hall. 1. War Memorial, 1939-45 The chiming set was installed in 1949 to the glory of God & dedicated     to the memory of Alfred George Ernist Jones; George William Arthur Mitchell     and William Ernest Warren who lost their lives in the war. Floor slabs: 1. Robert Waller, d. 1730. 2. Daniel John Hopkins MA Formerly curate and after vicar of the parish for 28 years 16-6-1857 in his 79th year: 3. Mary wife of Daniel Hopkins whose short but virtuous life was suddenly closed after giving birth to an infant     son on the evening of 1st Jan 1822 in the 27th year of her age.     Also of second wife Esther Barnard Hopkins whose zealous life was terminated by consumption on the     morning of the 23rd day of September 1827 in the 42nd year of her age. North aisle: 1. Mary wife of John Waller, d. 1745, age 27. 2. Emily Lizette Gladwin, d. 1860, & a floor slab to E. L. G. by north door. 3. Leslie Charles Papworth devoted to the service of British legion 1888 - 1950 4. Robert Hibberd 1904 to Jan. 1983, chorister for 60 years & sexton for 45 years. South aisle: 1. John Trotter, citizen & grocer of London d. 1746 and Elizabeth (Snagg), his wife, d, 1742. 2. Leonard Waller, d. 1794, and Mary, his wife, d. 1764. 3. Charles Desborough 19th March 1929, Constance his wife 31st July 1929 Tower: 1. The Rev. Vyner Snell, B.A., Rector of Doddington, Cambs, d. 1751; Mary, his daughter,     d. 1735; Margaret (Hall), his wife, d 1794; and her sister, Mary Hall. 21 APPENDIX 5 HUNTINGDON COUNTY RECORD OFFICE HARTFORD PARISH RECORDS (Ref: ACC. 2535/-) Registers: General 1538 - 1766 2535/1 (marriage entries cease in 1753) (M & B 1539 a) Baptisms & Burials 1766 - 1812 2535/2 Baptisms 1813 - 1893 2535/3 Burials 1813 - 1938 2535/4 Marriages (with Banns, 1754 -1793) 1754 -1812 2535/5 Marriages 1813 - 1835 2535/6 1837 - 1958 2535/7 Banns 1824 - 1906 2535/8 (on the inside of the back cover are a few baptisms for 1893 - 94) General: Vestry Minute Book 1781 - 1867 2535/9 Overseers of the Poor: Account Book 1828 - 1839 2535/10 Printed copy of the Act for dividing, Allotting and Inclosing the 1771 2535/11 Open and Commable Fields, meadows, Pastures, Lands and Waste Grounds of the Manor, Parish and Liberties of Hartford Hartford Inclosure Award. 15 May, 1772 2535/12 Manor of Hartford: Copy of Court Roll. 5 Feb. 1813 2535/13 Manor of Hartford: Compensation Agreement conveyance. 23 July 1937 2535/14 Manor of Hartford: Attested copy of Conveyance & Enfranchisement 12 Nov 1859 2535/15 A large number of documents from the iron chest in the church, were deposited with the County record office in the 1980's. These had not been examined at the time of the research for this booklet. APPENDIX 6 Inscriptions of some churchyard memorials A Sacred/ to the memory of/ JOHN PEACOCK/ (son of Rev. W PEACOCK/ and ANN his wife)/ who died Feb 15th 1840/in the 45th year of his age/ Absent from the body present with the Lord/ 2 Cor 3 37 verse/ (Headstone) [PR-John PEACOCK otp bur 2 Feb 1840 aged 45] B [ ]elict of the late/[ ]LIAM PEACOCK/ [ ]d this life 11 June 1835/[ ]16 year of her age/ [ ] faith and hope of a joyful/ [ ]rection through Jesus Christ/ [ ] voice from heaven saying unto me/ [ ] blessed are the dead which die in the/ [ ] from henceforth yea saith the spirit/ (bottom line indistinct)/ (Broken headstone) [PR - Ann PEACOCK otp bur 17 June 1835 aged 85] 22 C In memory of/ the Rev WILLIAM PEACOCK/ Rector of Woolley/ in the County of Hun tingdon/ who departed this life/ January the 10th 1817/ in the 68th year of his age/ (Headstone) [PR - William PEACOCK otp bur 15 Jan 1817 aged 67] D To/the memory of/ GEORGE PEACOCK/ who died the 24 of August 1803/in his 15th year/ (Headstone) [PR - George PEACOCK son of Rev William & Ann bur 26 Aug 1803] E Sacred/ to the memory of/ ANNE AYLMER/ daughter of ROB AYLMER Gent/ who departed this life/ on the 28th day of April 1824/ the day on which she completed/ the 61 year of her age/ This stone is erected by her/ sincere friend CATHERINE STEPHENSON/ (Headstone) [PR-Ann AYLMER otp bur 3 May 1824 aged 60] F In/ memory of/ GEORGE YEW/ who died/ August 23rd 1821/ aged 65 years/ In/ memory of/ MARY wife of/ GEORGE YEWS/ who died/ January 14th 1823 aged 71 years/ (Headstone) [P R - George YEWS of Hartford bur 26 Aug 1821 Aged 65. Mary YEWS of Hemingford Grey bur 18 Jan 1823 aged 72] G Sacred/ to the memory of/ JAMES HATFIELD/ who departed this life/ July 28th 1831/ in the 55th year of his age/ Also of/ ANNE his wife/ who died Nov 8th 1863/ aged 78 years/ To the memory of/ ROBERT MARTIN/ HATFIELD son of/ JAMES and ANNE HAT FIELD who died April 10 1837/ aged 17 years/ To the memory of/ MARY RUSSELL/ HATFIELD dau of/ JAS & ANNE HATFIELD/ who died May 1 1839/ aged 17 years/ ANN HULL/ HATFIELD/ died Decr 28th 1883/in her 69th year/ To the memory of/ JAMES the infant son/ of JAMES and/ ANNE HATFIELD/ who died April 8th 1818/ aged 5 months/ (Square column with pyramidal cap) [P R - James HATFIELD bur 28 Jul 1831 aged 55. Ann HATFIELD of Barringham Hall, Thetford District, Norfolk & Suffolk bur 13 Nov 1863 aged 78. Robert Martin HATFIELD of Brampton bur 17 Apr 1837 aged 17. Mary Russell HAT- FIELD of Brampton bur 6 May 1839 aged 17. Ann Hull HATFIELD of Neworth bur 7 Jan 1884 aged 69. James HATFIELD of Hartford bur 12 Apr 1818 aged 5 months] H Sacred to the memory of/ the Revd HENRY SWEETING MA. died 29 June 1856 aged 39/ (Coped stone with cross-shaped cover) Ia Sacred/ to the memory of/ BENEDICTA DELAMORE/ who died March/the 8 1782 aged 77/ Sacred/ to the memory of/ EVA WADE SON relict/ of ROB WADESON/ who died November/ the 12 1781 aged 56/ Sacred/ to the memory of/ MARY WADE SON/ [ ? ] daughter of/ ROBERT and/ ANN WADE SON/ who died May/ the 24 1830/ aged 77/ Sacred/ to the memory of/ the Revd EDW WADESON/ eldest son of ROBERT/ and EVA WADESON/ who died September/ the 2nd 1818/ aged 67/ (Hexagonal column with pyramidal cap standing on No. lb) [P R - Benedicta DELAMORE spin bur 13 Mar 1782. Eva WADESON bur 18 Nov 1781. Mary WADESON of Huntingdon bur 31 May 1830 aged 77. Rev Edward WADESON of Huntingdon bur 7 Sep 1818 aged 67] lb EVA WADESON/ Ob. 12 No[ ]81 Et 56/ Be [ ]more/ (Rectangular stone face up beneath No. Ia) [P R - See No. Ia] J Sacred/ to the memory of/ HENRY STAMFORD/ who died October 22nd 1858 aged 66 years/ 23 (Headstone) [P R - Henry STAMFORD of Hartford bur 25 Oct 1858 aged 66] K To the memory of/ SUSANNA the wife/ of EDWARD ABRAHAM/ who died the 13/ of March 1807/ aged 36[?] years/ (Headstone) [P R - Susannah ABRAHAM wife of Edward bur 18 Mar 1807] L LEONARD BUTT/ who died Oct 2 1787/ aged 73/ Sacred to the memory of/ JOSEPH BUTT/ who departed this life/ November the 3 1804/ aged 63 years/ [ ]/MARY BUTT his wife who departed this life/ January the 11 181 1 aged 77 years/ Near this place/lies JOHN THOMPSON/ infant son of JOHN & MARY ANN/ BUTT/ who departed this life/ December the 9 1822, / aged/ five days/ (Square column with cap on square base) [P R - Leonard BUTT bur 7 Oct 1787. Joseph BUTT bur 9 Nov 1804. Mary BUTT wife of Joseph, farmer bur 15 Jan 1811. John Thompson BUTT of Hartford bur 1 1 Dec 1822 aged 5 days] M In memory of/ SAMUEL HALL/ who departed this life/ Jany 23/1818 aged 58 years/ (Headstone) [P R - Samuel HALL otp bur 30 Jan 1818 aged 58] N In memory of/ HAM[?]ETT HALL/ who departed this life/ Jan 23, / 1815 aged 23 years/ (Headstone) [P R - Harriet? HALL otp bur 26 Jan 1815 aged 22] O In affectionate/ remembrance of/ ROBERT BURRELL/ who died 30th Sept 1863/ aged 46 years/ God hath not appointed us to wrath but/ to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ/ who died for us that whether we wake/ or sleep we should live together with Him/ Also of/ JANE BOWYER CRANFIELD/ wife of the above/ who died 17th March 1919/ aged 98 years/ At evening time it shall be light/ (Horizontal stone on low plinth. Indications that it was once within railings) [P R - Robert BURRELL of Hartford bur 6 Oct 1863 aged 46. Jane Bowyer CRANFIELD of Brampton bur 2 1 Mar 1919 aged 98] Pa In/loving memory/ of/ DANIEL CLARKE/ who died Augst 23rd 1818/ aged 70 years/ "Death is swallowed up in victory" 1 Cor XV 54/ "Where is death's sting?/ where grave thy victory?"/ Also of MARY ANN/ wife of the above/ who died at Barnsley Feb 10 1904/in her 84th year/ Her children arise up and call her/ blessed/ Also of CATHERINE TURNELL/ 3rd daughter of the above/ died May 25th 1910 aged 59 years/ Interred at Worsboro Dale/ (Headstone) [P R - Daniel CLARKE bur 26 Aug 1888 aged 70. Mary Ann CLARKE of Barnsley bur 13 Feb 1904 aged 83] Pb D.C/1888 (footstone) Reference: Mike Stephenson 1998 Original document: Huntingdonshire Family History Soci-ety R Table Tomb, south of chancel, close to river wall, Henry Thomas Ban-att, Soliciter died 1841, one of the best and longest epitaphs in the country, it commences 'Unknown to fame, nor wishing to be known, yet sleeps beneath this monumental stone, no common man, and ne'er was record set o'er one more worth an honest hearts regret. 24 Reference: P. C. M. Dickenson 1944 HISTORICAL SUMMARY 1086 First record in the Domesday Book of a wooden church at Hartford 1180 Present Church built under the Patronage of the Prior of Huntingdon. 1247 First record of Clergy.(List available up to the present day) 1349 John de Infirmaria de Herford, as well as being Vicar was the Principal of the Infirmary of St. Giles which stood in the Hartford Meadows, but closed in this year, because of the reduction in the population owing to the Black Death. 1514 Parishioners took action against their Patron, the Prior of Huntingdon, over Navigation Rights of the river, but were defeated. 1552 There were five bells in the late 15th century tower 1540 Due to the dissolution of the Monasteries, the Patronage of the Church became vacant. 1544 Sir Henry Williams, alias Cromwell, bought the land and acquired the Patronage of the Church. 1565 The parishioners took action against Sir Henry Williams due to his neglect of the maintenance of the Church. 1585 Sir Henry Williams was brought to trial and found guilty of not carrying out his duties to maintain the church. 1590 The Patronage of our church became the responsibility of the Crown. 1845 Old vicarage built. 1860 Vicarage extension 1861 Extensive restoration of the church took place. 1895 Restoration: roof re-tiled; organ, font and pulpit moved; bells re-hung; new lamps. 1898 Parish Hall built opposite vicarage gates. 1936 Vicarage refurbishment. 1948 Faculty to allow installation of electricity in the church. 1949 Chiming apparatus installed for bells. 1983 Present vicarage built. 2003 Reception facilities added to the church. My primary source for information has been “All Saints Church Hartford – A brief guide and history” which was researched and compiled by Mrs L Coley & Mr D. Cozens in 1980. This was updated in 1999 by Mr J.S. Craven. Thanks are also due to Mike Stephenson of the Huntingdonshire Family History Society for providing and granting permission to use copyright resources of the Huntingdonshire Family History Society for this website. If you are interested in finding out more there are a number of resources both online and using more traditional resources. Those that I have identified are: The Huntingdonshire Family History Society. The Hunts FHS has published the Hartford Parish Registers from 1538 - 1890 and the Monumental inscriptions for the years 1707 - 1999. These can be obtained from their bookstall at Huntingdon Library http://www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/leisure/archives/local_history/hunts/ Cambridgeshire Library online archives at http://www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/leisure/archives/catalogue/ The British History society especially at: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42476 The Norris Museum, St Ives The Cromwell Museum, Huntingdon
The garden also played its part in Hartford's history. In 1910 fragments of 12th &13th Century coffm lids and other worked stones were found. On the 1st August 1964 the 'Hartford Hoard' was found close to the East Side of the entrance drive, about 40 feet from the main road, and some 30 inches below the ground. During the construction of Longstaff Way, two County Council workmen unearthed 1,108 English and French silver coins dating from about 1450 to 1503 AD. At the subsequent Inquest, which took place in the Town Hall, the hoard was declared 'Treasure Trove' and so went to the British Museum. The most remarkable feature of the collection was the great number of coins, which were in mint, or near-mint, condition, in particular the groats.
There   are   four   20th   Century   memorial   plaques.   The   one   on   the   chancel   wall   is   in   memory of a victim of the Titanic disaster in 1912, Mr. R.C. Coleridge pictured left. He   was   instrumental   in   helping   to   form   the   1st.   Hunts   (Hartford)   Scout   Group   in   1908.   Mr Coleridge   had   apparently   booked   on   the   'New   York'   sailing   from   Southampton,   but   was offered   a   place   on   the   Titanic   sailing   from   Liverpool   because   there   was   a   strike.   There   are of   course,   War   memorials   to   parishioners   who   died   in   the   two   great   wars   of   this   century (See   appendix   4).   The   other   chancel   window   was   restored   in   memory   of   Leonard   &   Phyllis Everett in 1983. Some   of   the   memorials   are   mentioned   in   the   text   as   they   form   part   of   the   fixtures   or fittings.    There    is    a    small    pottery    group    of    Christ    showing    a    bird    to    some    children commemorating H. Pardoe, who died in 1976.
The    churchyard    was    extended    northwards    in    1906    for reasons   that   are   described   in   this   cutting   from   the   Hunts County    News    and    this    now    includes    an    area    for    the interment of ashes. The   1951 Act   of   Parliament   saw   the   discontinuance   of   new burials.   The   last   recorded   burial   in   a   family   grave   was   in 1978,    according    to    the    Record    of    Burials.    The    first 'Interment of Ashes' was in 1966. The   churchyard   is   now   in   the   care   of   Huntingdon   Town Council. The   map   on   the   previous   page,   in   conjunction   with appendix   6,   gives   details   of   some   of   the   inscriptions.   The area   enclosed   by   the   dotted   line   on   the   north   side   of   the church will be the site of our new extension.
The earliest settlement in this part of the Ouse was Hartford. The village is older than Huntingdon or Godmanchester. Traces of Stone, Iron and Bronze Age settlements have been found. Names of these early villages are un-known, but the Saxons called it Hereforde, meaning 'army ford'.
Introduction The Parish Church of All Saints' Hartford was originally built in 1180 on the site of a Roman watch tower in a picturesque setting on the banks of the River Ouse. The walls are of pebble and stone rubble with stone dressings and tiled roofs. Much rebuilding has been done especially in 1861 and 1895. Christian worship in the village can be traced back even earlier to 1086 when the Domesday Book records a simple wooden church, which was probably situated in the old vicarage garden. A further extension was completed in 2003 to add reception and heating facilities to the church. The Architecture Most   of   the   architectural   descriptions   in   this   booklet   are   based   on   those   found   in   the   Royal   Commission   of   Historical   Monuments,   An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Huntingdonshire. See appendix 1 for a glossary of some of the architectural items.
Edward    the    Confessor    had    held    it    and    its    value    had depreciated   considerably   since   his   time   £24   before   1066, £15   in   1086.   The   manor   was   assessed   at   15   hides   and there   were   then   a   priest,   two   churches,   two   mills,   and   a considerable   quantity   of   woodland.   At   the   time   of   the Domesday    Survey,    Hartford    included    King's    Ripton, which   accounts   for   the   return   of   the   two   churches   and mills.    The    parish    also    included    The    Royal    Forest    of Sapley, which has now completely disappeared.
In   the   17th   Century,   Hartford   Manor   lands   were   split   up   and sold   to   various   people.   Sir   Henry   Williams,   alias   Cromwell, had   been   granted   the   lands   when   the   Priory,   which   had   owned them   for   four   centuries,   was   dissolved.   Sir   Henry's   children sold   them   to   Robert   Taylor,   and   it   was   on   his   death   that   the Manor    lands    were    divided    in    1608.    The    new    farms    thus formed    would    have    new    houses    for    owners    and    workers. These   would   most   likely   be   built   in   the   village,   but   further away from the river.
Cottages in Church Lane courtesy of Lynn Wright
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HISTORY  Introduction The Parish Church of All Saints' Hartford was originally built in 1180 on the site of a Roman watch tower in a picturesque setting on the banks of the River Ouse. The walls are of pebble and stone rubble with stone dressings and tiled roofs. Much rebuilding has been done especially in 1861 and 1895. Christian worship in the village can be traced back even earlier to 1086 when the Domesday Book records a simple wooden church, which was probably situated in the old vicarage garden. A further extension was completed in 2003 to add reception and heating facilities to the church… Please access the desktop site for further information.