NaveTheNave(37'x171/2')hastwoarcades.Thenortharcadewasbuiltinc.1180,andhasfourbayswithroundedarchesoftwoorders.The outerorderissquareandtheinnerorderissquarechamfered.Thewest-endarchandtherespond-corbelsarerestorations.Theroundcolumns havemouldedcapitalsandbases.Thesoutharcadebuiltinc.1190hasfourbays,withtwo-centrearchesoftwochamferedorders.Theround columnshavemouldedcapitalsandrestoredbases.Thewest-endarchandtherespond-corbelsarerestorations.Thewesternarchandthe chancel arch were rebuilt last century. In the Nave you will find amongst other things:Chest:Madeofoak,withmouldedstylesandrails,frontwiththreepanelscarvedwithconventionalflowersandcarvedfrieze,moulded and panelled lid and sides and flat ball feet, early 17th century.Font:Thesquarebowlofthefontsitsonacircularcentreanddatesfromthe12thCentury.Thefoursideangleshaftsandthebasebelong to the 18th Century. This was moved to its present position in the centre of the west end during restoration in 1895, from near the south door.Pews:Madeofoak,probablyin1861,thereisanoticeinthevestryaboutthem,butthisisunfortunatelyundated.Theaccountofthe1895 restoration in the Parish of Hartford Minute book mentions that the seating in the chancel was changed and the rest repaired and cleaned.Pulpit:In1895thiswasmovedafewfeettoleavethearchclear.ThestairrailwaserectedinmemoryofGranvilleRobertChandlerand his wife Gladys, May, in 1983."Wands of Office": Provided in 1926 by Mr Newbold to mark the churchwardens' seats.ChancelThethicknessofthenorthandeastwallsofthechancelindicatethattheywerebuiltinthe12thCentury.Thechancelmeasures21¼'x13½'. Ithasnoancientfeaturesexcepthollowchamferedsplaysandtwo14thCentury,centredreararchestotheeastwindow,whichwereresetin 1861.Thestainedglassofthiswindowwasputinin1867.Thealtarwasraisedin1861.Thereisaninscriptionontheedgeofthesecond step,unfortunatelycoveredbycarpet,whichendswithMDCCCLXVIII.Thefloorwaslaidwith6”Jerro-metallicStaffordshireredandblack tiles. An unusual feature is that the 1861 Norman style, Chancel Arch is carved on both sides.TheCruciferis'InmemoryAnnPryer1853-1936'andthefoldingsectionontheoakaltarrailisinmemoryof'GeorgeWilliamKnight,1981, churchwarden for 34 years'.North & South AislesWiththeexceptionoftheeastwallofthesouthaisle,mostofthewallsandwindowswererebuiltduringthe1861restorations.Thesouth doorwaywasresetwithamodernroundarchandc.1190freeshaftstothejambs,withsimplemouldedcapitalsandonewithachamfered abacusroundedattheangle.Thedoorsareoak.TheSouthPorchwasbuiltin1861.Thenorthaislewindowswerepresentedby'Rev.G. Cockburn Dickinson in Commemoration of the Queen's Jubilee 1887'.TowerThetower(11’square)isbuiltofstonerubble,withdressingsofBarnackstoneandotherfreestones.Itwasaddedtoorrebuiltinthelate 15thCenturyandinJuly1552therewerefivebells.Thetowerisdividedexternallyintofourstagesbystringcoursesandfinishedwithan embattledparapetwithcrocketedpinnaclesattheanglesandatrefoiledogeeandcrocketedarchoverthemiddlecrenelofeachside,the merlonshavebrickfilling.Thetwocentredtowerarchisofthreechamferedorders,thetwooutercontinuousandtheinnerrestingonsemi-octagonalattachedshaftswithmouldedcapitals.Inthesouthwallisadoorwaytothestairturretwithchamferedjambsandfourcentredarch. The west doorway, now blocked, has jambs and four centred arch of two chamfered orders with a moulded label.Fiveofthepresentbellsaredated1796andone1799(seeappendix2),thesewerere-hungin1895.Oneofthebellswasapparentlyforfeited by King's Ripton for not burying a parishioner. On the north wall is a painted wooden notice informing us that:MAY -12 - 1932 A PEAL OF BOB MINOR5040 CHANGES IN 2 HOUR 42 MIN BEING 7.720 & CALLED DIFFERENTLYH. BENJAMIN BULL 1) BEATRICE H. HIBBARD 4)JOAN M. G. SHEPHERD 2) CHARLES PANNELL 5)ERNEST PANNELL 3) JOHN SMART 6)AccordingtotheVestrymeetingMinutesof26thApril1939,thebellswereagainunsafe.The2ndbellwascrackedandtheestimatedcostof repair was £300. The chiming set was installed in 1949 in memory of those who died during the Second World War (see appendix 4).In1874,clearglasswasputintothelargewestwindow.Ithasthreemoderntrefoiledlightsin15thCenturycasementmouldedjambsand fourcentredarchwithamouldedlabelandheadstops.Thesecondstagehasinthethreewallsaroundheadedloopoverwhichthestring courseismitred.Thebellchamberhasineachwallawindowoftwopointedlightsinafourcentredheadwithamouldedlabelandcarved stops.ThereisacarvedwoodenscreenacrosstheWestEndofthenaveinmemoryofPatienceSeeleywhodiedin1938.Thiswasextended in 1995, to completely enclose the choir vestry as a memorial to Peter & Jean Bath.CharitiesOn the west wall of the tower are two large wooden boards, which were cleaned and restored in 1978 by Mr. J. Dillistone.These set out clearly the details of two charities:In 1707, Bank's charity gave 40 shillings a year to the poor on St Bartholomew's Day and New Year's Day.In1716,Thong'scharitywassetuptoprovide£4perannumfortheministerandchurchwardens;£16wastobeusedtoapprenticeaboywho must be able to write, cast accounts, and repeat the catechism; £12 was to be given to him at the end of his apprenticeship.Organ ChamberTheorganwasmovedintotheoldvestry,abovetheboilerhouse,onthenorthsideofthechancelin1895.Thisinvolvedcuttinganarchinto thenorthwallofthechancelandawindowintothewestendofthechamber.Apparentlytheheathelpedsolveproblemswiththeorgan. AccordingtotheminutesoftheVestrymeetingof6thAugust1880,itwasagreedtomovetheorgantothenorthcornerofthenave'nearer thewarmingapparatuswithaviewtotheinstrumentbeingkeptinbettertune'.Themoveallowedlightfromthewestwindowbackintothe church.VestryThevestrywasbuiltin1895whentheoldvestrywasconvertedintotheorganchamber.Onthesouthwallthereisabrassshieldinscribed with"TO THE GLORY OF GOD. THIS CHURCH WAS RESTORED BY VOLUNTARY OFFERING AD 1895. J. GEORGE GIBSON VICAR; A. J. DESBOROUGH, G. WARBURTON CHURCHWARDENS".Above the doorway from the organ chamber there is a painted wooden notice informing us thatTHE INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR BUILDING & CHURCHES GRANTED £35TOWARDS RESEATING THIS CHURCH, UPON THE CONDITION THAT 140 SEATSNUMBERED 1 TO 23 BE RESERVED FOR THE USE OF THE POORER IN-HABITANTS OF THIS PARISH.TherearetwosmallbenchesintheSundayschoolcorner,numbered14&15,whichanundatedplanintheCountyRecordOfficeshowas originally being in the tower.19th Century RestorationsDuringtheserestorations,accordingtoW.H.Saunders1888,Legends,etc.,ofHuntingdonshire,upwardsof20brokenstonecoffinswere foundwhilstmakingpreparationsfornewflooring.ThelidsofeightoftheseboretheSaxonsymbolofthecrossandanchorwhilstseveral othershadrichlyfloriatedcrossesofalaterdate.Therewerealsotracesofrudedistemperpaintings,includingfulllengthfiguresofaqueen, St. George and the Dragon and large Maltese crosses on the columns and wall, according to this same source.InHuntingdon'sCountyRecordOfficetherearesomeundatedplans,whichsincetheydonotshowthepresentorganchamber,Iassumewere preparedforthe1861restoration.Rolledintheseplansisa'SpecificationofworksrequiredtobedoneintherestorationoftheChancelfor theLadyOliviaBernardSparrow'.Theynoted'totakeofftheoldroofandclearawaytheoldpewsinChanceltobethepropertyofLady OliviaBernardSparrow'.ThetimberfortheroofwastobebestDouglasyellowfirandtheoakforthepewsanddoorwastobeEnglishand five years seasoned. These were to be finished with linseed oil, mixed with a little red lead.ThereareseveralentriesintheParishMinuteBookbetweenFebruary1863andJanuary1864referringtothemortgagingofchurchlandto raise the means to liquidate the debt of £160 incurred in restoration.TheVestryMinutesofApril1895recordtheestimatedcostofrestorationat£400andasubscriptionlistbeingopened.The24thOctober recordsthere-openingofthechurchbyLordBishopofDiocese.The1895restorationiswelldocumented,withacopyoftheoriginal 'Specification&Plans',acopyoftheFacultyrequiredfromElybeforeworkcouldcommenceandadetailedaccountintheVestryMinutesof 1897.Lady Olivia Bernard SparrowShewasthewifeofBrigadierGeneralRobertBernardSparrowin1797whodiedatseain1805.SheinheritedtheestatesoftheBernard familyandlivedatBramptonPark.AccordingtoRobson'sDirectory1839entryforHartfordshewas'LayRector&ImpropriatorofGreat Tithe' and was therefore responsible for the upkeep of the chancel.Church PlateIn1932theRev.E.G.AldersondepositedtheitemsnotinconstantuseforsafekeepingintheFitzwilliamMuseum,Cambridge.Theycanbe viewed by viewed by prior arrangement. See appendix 3 for a description of the items.MemorialsTherearenoearlyfamilymonumentsaslargelythemonksofthePrioryministeredtothechurchandthePriorhimselfwaslordofthemanor. He and the monks he appointed as vicars would be buried in the Priory graveyard.Inthechurcharefive18thCenturywallmemorials,andoneslatememorialinthenavefloornearthelectern.Therearethree19thCentury walltabletsandtwofloormemorialsatthewestendofthenave.ThesewereonlyrevealedagaininNovember1991afterthewoodenfloor hadtoberemoved.OnememorialwindowinthesouthwallofthechancelisinmemoryoftheRev.Cockburn-Dickinson'ssonwhodrowned in 1885, aged ten.Parish Registers & Minute BooksApartfromthepresentones,theRegistersofBaptisms,Marriages,BurialsandtheMinuteBooksarekeptintheguardianshipoftheCounty Records Office in Huntingdon. Appendix 5 is an edited list of their references.TheMinuteBookscomeinvariousshapesandsizes,asdoesthehandwriting.Thisgivesthereaderachallenge,butcanberewardingand interesting given the time.Theearlybooksmainlyseemtorecordsuchappointmentsaschurchwardens,constables,overseersofthepoorandHighwaysBoardWay Warden.Therearedetailsofsomepaymentsforcertainofficesandthesettingofrateablevalueonlocalproperties.Thelaterbooksshowa more verbatim account of the important events of the church community.The ChurchyardInthechurchyard,neartheSoutheastcornerofthechancelthereisaninterestingmemorial,atriangularobeliskinscribed"MORSMETA VIARUM"withthedate"MDCCXXXV"atthebase.Translated,theinscriptionmeans"Deathistheturningpointoftheways".Itissaidto commemoratetheclearingofthechurchyardin1735inorderthatitmightbeburiedoveragain,acommonpracticeindaysgoneby(marked S on the map).OnTuesday22ndMay1860,ThomastheBishopofElyconsecratedanadditiontothechurchyardof'32perches,fencedbyabrickwall'. Thelandwas'conveyedbyEdwardBarnardHopkinsandAnnElizaHopkins,tenantinfeeandbythemortgagesinfeeofthemanorof Hartford, with the consent of Sir Henry Pelly, tenant for life of the said manor’.Original drawing by Mike Stephenson Huntingdonshire Family HistorySocietyThe VicarageAccordingtoanentryintheVestryMinuteBookfor1790"thevicaragewasbuiltwithstud,clayandthatch.Threelittleroomsaboveand below,onelittlebarnandonestablewithadjoiningclose-1acre,fencedroundwithdeadhedge.TithesduetoVicar,wool,lamb,calf,pig, eggs,cornandbullock-buttherehasbeenacompositionofabout30yearsstandingconsentedtobythevicarssuccessivelyandbythemajor part of the parish that vicars should be allowed in lieu of these tithes, twenty shillings of plow and four shillings of cottage per annum."The1822GlebeTerrierdescribesthevicarageas"belongingtotheKing,withtheglebeandprofitofthevicarageworth134peryear(sic).It comprisedadwellinghouse42ftlongand20ftbreadthandathatchedconnectedbarnandstable45ftby13ft.Aringfenceencloseda3acre orchard,gardenandclose,adjoiningthechurchyardof1rood.Therewasanenclosedallotmentof57acresinlieuoftithes.Thelandleftfor the repair of the church, is situated in the parish and commands a rent of £17 10s per year. The rectory belongs to Lady Sparrow."AnewvicaragewasbuiltwhilstJohnDanielHopkinswasthevicararound1845andanex-tension,includinganewporchwiththedateon keystoneaddedin1860.Whatmighthavebeendesirableinthe19thcenturyseemstohavebecomealiabilityduringthe20thCentury.In 1912HartfordLodge,SapleyLanewasbeingusedbytheRev.A.Crosfieldbecauseitwasamoremanageablesizethanthevicarageon Hartford Road. This didn't last long because the Hunts County News informs us of the auction of Hartford Lodge.In1934alettertoElyDiocesanDilapidation'sBoardfromArchitectInskipLaddsstatedthatthehousewith4sittingrooms,7bedroomsand 2kitchens,wasfartoolargeandhadtoomanyoutbuildings.Amongstseveralproposalsherecommendedpullingdownpartofthedomestic quartersandalteringtheremainder.Itwasproposedthatthestablewasconvertedintoagarage,thehaystoreintoawoodshed;thecoach houseandseveralbuildingsshouldbepulleddown.Thegardenwas"muchtoolargeandinthesedaysofhighwagesaninsupportable burden".Suggestionsweremadeforsellingvariousparts,stressingtheimportanceoftheprovisionoffencing.By1936thebuildingwasreducedand refurbished with the installation of mains water and electricity in readiness for the arrival of the Rev. J.G.F. Holmes.ThePCCminutesofJune13th1949,recordsthatVicarCanonGreen'ssonboughtahouseinHuntingdon,apparentlynearEdwardhouseand theBishopgaveapprovaltoletthevicarage.Therewasalsoaproposalthattheoldvicaragewassoldandasmalleronebuiltonglebeland. There were a number of tenants during the early 1950's after the vicarage had been sub-divided and let.CanonGreenretiredin1955andthePCCMinutesofOctober10th1956recordthe"Proposedsaleofexistingparsonage,purchaseof 'Lindisfarne'onjunctionofWyton/Warboysroad".ThisdidnothappenandaccordingtothePCCMinutesofOctober13th1958,theRevH Hinkley had a telephone installed in the vicarage.Rev. Herbert Hinkley1960 at gates of vicarageList of RECTORS & VICARS ALL SAINT'S HARTFORDRECTORS PATRONS1247 John de Hemingford Huntingdon PrioryVICARSRobert d. 12741274 John de Wenington Huntingdon Priory d. 12741274 Elias de Huntingdon " " d. 12961296 John de Haregrave " " Robert d. 13161316 Simon de Clifton Huntingdon Priory r. 13171317 Nicholas Keten " " d. 13321333 Hugh Curteys " " ex. 13421342 Richard de Wolle " " r. 1356 1356 John de Infirmaria de Herford " " ex. 13781378 William Balle " " r. 14001400 John Wynter, senior de Thrapston " "1410 Robert Maryot " " John Austyn r. 14351435 William Abram Huntingdon Priory John Bacche d. 14571457 Thomas Wolde Huntingdon Priory d. 14671467 William Keteryng " " r. 14741474 Radulph Wodeward " " r. 14821482 John Dighton or Dyeton " " r. 14821482 William Keteryng " " Thomas Hereford r. 14971497 John Willingham Huntingdon Priory John Greve r. 15401540 Nicholas Yates John Howode, [Huntingdon Priory being dissolved]1560 Thomas Hulcock The Lord Keeper of the Great Seal at the request of the Parishioners d. 15631564 Christopher Keye " "1597 Clement Bacon " "1598 Thomas Richards, M .A Queen Elizabeth d. 16201620 Ezechiel Waade Benjamin Dod1660 Thomas Case, M .A.1665 John Bush King Charles II d. 16841684 John Sturges, M .A . " " cess 16901690 Samuel Sturges, M .A. King William & Queen Mary d. 17061710 Robert Crosse, B.A. Queen Anne1720 John Mathews King George I1732 Robert Manlove, M .A. d. 17531753 Richard Caryer King George II1771 John Trollope King George Ill d. 17941794 Thomas Daniel Trollope, M .A. " " ex. 18281828 John Daniel Hopkins, M .A King George IV d. 1857 111857 Charles Henry Benson Gladwin, B.A Queen Victoria1860 George Pinder " " r. 18701870 Frederick Nottidge Ripley, M .A1880 George Cockburn-Dickinson r. 18941894 John George Gibson r. 18951896 Edward Gripper Banks, D.D. Captain Beeching d. 19041904 Alexander Chorley Crossfield, M .A. Bishop of Ely by lapse1914 Ellerton Garside Alderson, M .A. Major Beeching r. 19331936 John George Frederick Holmes, M .A. Bishop of Ely r. 19471947 George A. Green, B.A Hon Canon " " r. 19551957 Herbert Hinkley Queen Elizabeth II r. 19671967 Robin Jeffree, A .K .C. Bishop of Ely r. 19831985 John R. Sansom " " r. 1991 1993 Ayodeji Malcolm Guite " " r. 19981999 Mark Savage r. 2012Copied from a list in the church on the right of south doorsLittle is known about most of the vicars listed above, presumably they preached their sermons, tended their flock and lived their lives. Documentary evidence of several survives.Rev G. Cockburn-DickinsonThe'LocalNews'columnofTheHuntsGuardianFridayMay81885recordedthefollowingMELANCHOLYOCCURRENCE-"On SaturdaylastaninquestwasheldattheKingofPrussiapublichouseinthisvillageonthebodyofFrancisTrevelyanEgertonDickersonaged 10,sonoftheRev.G.C.Dickerson,vicarofHartford,whowastakenoutofthewaterdeadthatmorning.Itappearedfromtheevidenceof ElizabethHitch,oneofthedomesticservantsinthefamily,thatonFridaythedeceased,hisyoungerbrotherandthevicarwereworkingin thegardenbeforeearlydinner,andaswassupposedtheyallwentintothehouseabout1.00(sic)todine.Thedeceaseddisappearedfromthe houseandthevicarandtheothersonsatdowntodinner,butasdeceaseddidnotgotodinneralsoasearchwasmadeforhimaboutthehouse andgarden.Witnessultimatelywenttotheriversideandthereshefoundthejacketthathadbeenwornbythedeceased,butcouldnotfind himanywhere.Asearchintheriverwasthenmadeforthebodyuntillateintheevening,butwithoutsuccess.Hiscapwasfoundinachairin thekitchen.Thedogwaskeptneartheboathouseanddeceasedusedsometimesgoandfetchthedog,butitwasnottherewhenhewenttothe boathouse.Didnotthinkdeceasedknewthedogwasbroughtfromtheboathouse.GeorgeCrow,labourer,Hartford,deposedtofindingthe bodyonSaturdaymorningaboutfouryardsfromthebank.Thewaterwasabout20feetdeepwherehepulleditout.Thejuryreturneda verdict of "accidentally drowned in the river Ouse".Hissurvivingchildrenseemtohavecausedhimsomeembarrassment,accordingto'theLooker-On'inthelocalpaperof19thMarch1892, shownopposite.TheconsequenceoftheseeventsresultedintheitembelowbeingreportedinthefollowingSaturday'spaper.Forthose interested, the complete transcript of the "Petty Sessions" can be read on a microfilm in the reference section of Huntingdon library."The Hunts County Guardian"Saturday 26th March 1892Rev E. Gripper BanksThesenewspapercuttingscanbefoundinafileleftbySidneyInskipLaddswhowasanarchitectandlocalhistorianandhasalreadybeen mentioned in connection with the vicarage. We still frequently use a chalice in our services that is engraved in his memory .courtesy of the Norris Museum, St IvesRev A. C. CrosfieldThe1stHunts(Hartford)ScoutGroupisthefourtholdestGroupintheworld.ItwasfoundedinFebruary1908bytheRevA.C.Crosfieldand Mr.R.C.Coleridge,thefirstScoutMaster.TheoriginalsixscoutswereGrenvilleOnyett(thefirstPatrolLeaderofthePeewitPatrol),Harry Miles,WWright,HWright,PWoodsandRWatts.Theyarepicturedinacopyofthis1909lanternslidewiththeRev.CrosfieldandMr. Coleridge. Rev. Crosfield became County Secretary and Commandant for the Boy Scouts.Accordingtoa1912biography,hehadbeenborninLiverpoolin1867,gainedhisM.A.atClareCollege,Cambridgein1895,andbecame vicarofHartfordin1904.HewasalsoconnectedwiththeChurchLadsBrigade.HeleftHartfordin1913andmovedtoSouthAfrica.His death was recorded by the Hunts Post on 1st November 1934.Village HallAwoodenprefabricatedHall,purchasedinLondonwasbuiltbypublicsubscriptionsometimeafterthearrivalofRev.Dr.Banks(1896- 1903),oppositethevicaragegates.ThefirstmentionoftheParishHallasavenueforvestryorChurchmeetingswasintheMinuteBookof May1899.ItwasletregularlyformeetingsoftheWomen'sInstitute,WhistDrives,Dancesandmeetingsofallkinds.The1stHunts (Hartford)ScoutTroop,metatParishHallfromFebruary1908until1939.ItwasrequisitionedbythemilitaryduringbothWorldWarsand during the 2nd one, the furniture and equipment was stored in the loft of the Manor House.In1938theVicarJ.G.F.HolmesexpressedawishtohandoverresponsibilityfortheParishHalltothePCC.Aproblemofwhetheritwas builtonGlebeorParishlandandthefactthatitwasnotusedmainlyforecclesiasticalpurposescausedprotractednegotiations.ADeedwas finallysignedin1948withtheElyDiocesanBoardofFinance,holdingthehallintrustforthePCC.ItwastobemanagedbyaPCCsub-committee and 'Chapel people welcome to use it at the fixed hourly rate'.Lettingscontinuedtobegoodbutmaintenanceandfundingwereacontinualheadache.AFireOfficer'sreportof1961statedthattoobtaina theatrical licence the hall needed a fire door and more extinguishers.In1966thecommitteestartedtoinvestigatewaysoffunding£5000toaddabetterkitchenandcloakroomfacilities.Thiswasfinallyresolved in1971withElyagreeingtoa28-year,£1peryearleaseandtheformationofaHallTrust.ThisallowedforaCommunityCouncilgrantto fundtherequiredimprovements.AttheendofthatleaseandagainafterprotractednegotiationswithElyandtheFreemen'sCharitywewill have a new Village Hall for the start of the next millenium.HARTFORD VILLAGEChurch and ford c1870 (courtesy of CRO Huntingdon)In the Domesday Survey (1086), Hartford is given under the lands of the king and had been committed to the charge of Ranulf brother of Ilger, a minister of the crown. He had 4 ploughs and the 30 villagers and 3 smallholders had 8 ploughs.NorthofSapleyParkFarmaretheremainsoftheearthworksofasmall'mound&bailey'castleofunknownorigin,whichappearstobeofa 12thCenturydateandwasprobablyan'adulterin'orunlicensedcastle.Itconsistsofamoundabout9ft.high,surroundedbyawetditchof oval form and with remains of a small outer enclosure on the south.MuchofHuntingdonshirelandwasownedbythechurchin1086,beingheldbytheAbbeysofThorney,RamseyandPeterborough;the BishopofLincoln;thePriorysatStNeots&StIves;theCistercianAbbeyatSawtryandtheAustinCanonsatStonely.Thereweresix religiousfoundationsinHuntingdon,themostimportantandearliestbeingthePrioryofStMary.ThiswasahouseofAugustineCanons establishedbeforetheNormanConquestnearthepre-sentdayAllSaintsandrelocatedneartothecemeteryinPrioryRoadinthe12th century.ThevillagelaterknownasHerfordandHarfordwasgrantedtoSt.Mary'sPriory,Huntingdon,byHenryI(1100-1135)atafeefarmrentof £12bytheyear.ThisgrantwasconfirmedbyPopeEugeniusIIIin1147andagainin1253and1327.In1276,thePriorofHuntingdon claimedviewoffrankpledgeinhismanorofHartfordandpresentmentsweremadeastoobstructionsintheriverOusepartiallycausedbythe prior'svaluablemills,wherebyshipscouldnotreachHuntingdon.ThemanorcontinuedtobelongtothePrioryofSt.Maryuntilthe dissolution, 11th July 1538 when the prior and eight remaining canons were pensioned off.Muchofthevillagewasoriginallyalongthebanksoftheriverasthatwasthemainformoftransport.Goodswerebroughtinandtakento othervillagesandtownsupanddowntheOuse.Therewasaroadbesidetheriver,tracesofwhichcanbeseeninthegardenofHartford House. A road, known as Dixon's or Dixey's Lane, also ran from the Manor House to the river. The Grove was first known as Pig Hollow.In 1275, a water wheel was constructed near where Anchor Cottage now stands. The latter was not built until Tudor times, when as with other dwellings built at that time, it was thatched. It is thought that it was a public house from the time it was built until the end of the 19th century, and was a regular calling place for barges plying their trade when sailing between Kings Lynn and Bedford. In one of its barns was a ring where Dick Turpin is said to have tied his horse. St. Giles Hospital was built in Hartford Meadows during the 13th Century. Little is known about it, and it fell into decay about a century after its foundation.Therewerefewerthan50housesinthevillagein1771.TheKingoftheBelgians(formerlyKingofthePrussians)isstillsituatedintheMain Street.In1804,theBarleyMowwasbuiltfrommasonryfromSt.Benet'sChurch,Huntingdon,whichwasdestroyedthatyear.Formany years,biennialcourtswereheldintheBarleyMow.TheManorHouse,ahalf-timberedhouse,wasbuiltprobablybyRobertTaylor,the originalLordsoftheManor,thePriors,havingnoneedofadwellinginHartford.TheonlyotherlargehouseinthevillageisHartfordHouse Grove House), an elegant, red brick, 17th Century grounds go down to the river.Since the Second World War, as can be seen by this table Hartford has grown considerably and has become closely linked with Huntingdon.The FutureAs can be seen from the details in this pamphlet the played a very important part in the life of Hartford 820 years and is still doing so today. We look forward to the next millennium with the same enthusiasm and faith as our predecessors must have done in 1180. The church building has continually been extended during this period as the needs of the congregation were met. The growth in the number of Hartford's inhabitants and the desire for more convenient basic facilities, on site, will continue this process, into the new millennium.AcknowledgementsI would like to thank the staff of Huntingdon library, for pointing me in the right direction. My wife requires a big thank you for her help with the research and patience with my hours spent at the computer. Thank you to the churchwardens for access to the current church documents and to the staff of the Huntingdon County Records Office for earlier documents, the staff of the Norris Museum, St Ives and Mr & Mrs Maltby for Scout history. I am indebted to Mrs. Lilian Ann Coley, Mr. David Cozens and the late Phillip G. M. Dickinson, for the re-search that they have done in the past.BibliographyPrimary Sources1. Act of Consecration, Addition to Church Yard 22-5-1860. CRO2. 15 GEO.VI cap.145 - Burial, England Discontinuance. The Burial Grounds (Hartford) Order 1951.3. Files of late Mrs. Betty Magee, PCC Secretary 1950 - 1973. CRO4. Files of Sidney Inskip Ladds, ARIBA, 1867 - 1950. Norris Museum5. Parish Minute Book 1861; plus 7 subsequent ones (missing 1966-75) CRO6. Mike Stephenson: Huntingdonshire Family History Society 19987. The Hunts County Guardian (Friday May 8 1885) 'Local News' column8. The Hunts County Guardian (Saturday May 19 1885) 'The Looker-On' column.9. The Hunts County Guardian (Saturday May 26 1885) 'Petty Sessions' column.Secondary Sources1. Cocke, T. Recording A Church: an illustrated glossary, Council for British Archaeology, 19892. Coley, L., & Cozens, D., research, The Parish Church All Saints' Hartford, PCC, 19803. Curl, J. S. English Architecture An Illustrated Glossary, David & Charles, Devon, 19772. Dunn, Christopher, The Book Of Huntingdon, Barracuda Books, Chesham, 19773. Dickinson, Phillip G. M., The Borough of Huntingdon & Godmanchester Official Hand book, Hambleden Press, Huntingdon, 19644. Dickinson, P.G.M., 'The Hartford (Huntingdon) Treasure Trove' Records of Huntingdonshire: Vol. 1 Part 1 pages 2-4: (Huntingdonshire Local History Society 1965)5. Miles, Harry, Scouting For 58 Years With The 1st Hunts. Troop, The Scout Association Archives,19726. Morris, John, ed., Domesday Book Huntingdonshire, Phillimore, Chichester, 19757. Owen, T.M.N. Rev. MA. The Bells Of Huntingdonshire, Jarrold & Son, 1899.8. Page, William, ed., The Victoria History of the Counties of England, A History of Huntingdonshire Vol.2, p.171 -175, Uni. of Lon. Institutes of Historic Research. 19749. Pike, W.T. ed., Huntingdonshire Contemporary Biographies, Pike, Brighton, 191210. Robsons Directory 183911. Royal Commission of Historical Monuments, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Huntingdonshire, p. 128-130 HMSO, London, 192612. Temple, Nigel, Dr. 'Pages From An Architect's Notebook - Lady Olivia Sparrow & John Nash' Records of Huntingdonshire: Vol. 2 No. 6 (Hunts Local History Soc. 1986)13. Wicks, Michael, A History of Huntingdonshire, Oxford U.P. 198514. Wooder, A., 'Post Reformation Mixed Gothic in Huntingdonshire Church Towers and its Campanological Associations', The Archaeological Journal vol. 141, Reprinted from The Royal Archaeological Institute, 1984APPENDIX 1 Architectural GlossaryAbacus: flat slab forming the top of a capitalArcade: series of arches supported by columnsArch: construction of blocks disposed in a curve or curves, supporting each other and the weight of the wall above it.Arris: a sharp edge where two surfaces meet.Capital: upper part of a column.Casement: deep concave moulding of window jambs.Chamfer: narrow 450 plane formed when the an-is is removed. Also stopped, hollow & sunk versions.Corbel: a projecting block that supports a parapet or beam.Crocket: projecting hook-shaped, leafy knobs, usually along the sloping edges of pinnacles.Embattled: indented with vertically projecting merlons, separated by spaces called embrasures or crenelles.Foil: a small arc in the tracery of medieval windows or panels.Jamb: side of doorway or window.Label: a square drip or hood mould over an arch, doorway or window.Loop: a small narrow slit in a wall.Mullion: slender vertical member between the lights in a window or screen opening.Ogee: a double curve formed of a convex and a concave element.Order: in medieval architecture, one of a series of recessed arches and jambs forming a splayed opening.Parapet: a low wall concealing a gutter or roof.Pier: large masonry support, usually for an arch.Pillar: free-standing upright member of any section that is slender in proportion to its height.Pinnacle: a small decorative turret or spire.Respond: a half-pier attached to a wall to support an arch at the end of an arcade.Reveal: the side of an opening in a wall between the framework and the face of wall.Shaft: part of column between base and capital; small columns clustered around pillars or jambs.Splay: an angled reveal.String-course: a horizontal, usually moulded band projecting slightly from a wall.References: Cocke, T. Recording A Church: an illustrated glossary, Council for British Archaeology, 1989; Curl, J. S. English Architecture An Illustrated Glossary, David & Charles, Newton Abbott, 1977APPENDIX 2 Bell Inscriptions1. ROBT. TAYLOR ST. NEOTS FECIT . 1799 Y (27 ins)2. ROBT. TAYLOR ST. NEOTS FECIT . 1796 LEONARD WALLER & CHARLES BEAUMONT, OVER-SEERS (28 and a quarter ins)3. ROBT. TAYLOR FECIT . 1796. JOSEPH BUTT AND JOHN RIPPIN, CHURCHWARDENS (29 and a half ins)4. WHILST THUS WE JOIN IN CHEERFUL SOUND LET LOVE AND LOYALTY ABOUND A A (Coins) TAYLOR FECIT 1796 (33 ins)5. THE C. WARDENS. THE OVER-SEERS. CAUTHORN BLEAK AND JOHN RANDAL, THE PRINCIPAL PARITIONERS WHEN WE WAS CAST 1796 (33 and a half ins)6. I TO THE CHURCH THE LIVING CALL AND TO THE GRAVE DO SUMMON ALL TAYLOR FECIT. 1796. JOSEPH BUTT & JOHN RIPPIN CHURCHWARDENS (36 and a half ins) Reference: A History of Huntingdonshire Vol.2; The Bells Of HuntingdonshireAPPENDIX 3 Church Plate1. Silver communion cup inscribed 'Hartford in Com Huntingdon' and hall-marked for 1689¬90. (Queen Anne)2. Silver paten on foot, inscribed 'The gift of John Waller, gent: for the use of the Church of Hartford in the County of Huntingdon 1748,' but it bears the hall-mark for 1749-50. IHS Cross & Nails in a Glory made by John Rowe. (Geo. II)3. Pewter Plate inscribed 'Hartford com Huntingdon 1749'4. Silver-gilt chalice inscribed 'All Saints Church Hartford Xmas 1906. In memoriam E.G.B. Priest. Sep. 23, 1903' Hallmarked 1903-4.5. Paten, inscribed as above, but hallmarked for 1904-5.6. Silver-gilt cruet 1907: lid is surmounted by a cross with a ring of trefoils below. Body is divided into compartments and has a band of engraving around the top. Under the foot is a very long inscription recording the gift of the piece to the church in 1912 in memory of Reginald Charles Coleridge. (In box)7. Silver-plated flagon, no marks, Victorian, lid surmounted by a four-armed cross, round the neck is a band of engraving and around the middle of the body is the inscription '+ pascha nostrum immoltus est christos' (I surmise that this item is inscribed in memory of Reginald Charles Coleridge, drowned in the Titanic, 15 April 1912; and hall-marked for 1912-13.) (In box)8. Silver-gilt wafer box inscribed 'Thomas Rawsthorne Magee 1884 - 1970'9. Silver-gilt chalice inscribed 'In loving Memory Maisie & Nancy Fisher Easter 1996'10. Silver-gilt bowl paten, no marks.Reference: 1. Present 'Glebe Terrier'; 2. Fitzwilliam Museum receipt; 3. A History of Huntingdonshire Vol.2 20APPENDIX 4 MemorialsChancel:1. Jacob Julien Baumgartner, d. 1816; Tryce Mary, his wife, d. 1815; Robert Jacob, their son, d. 1810; and Tryce Mary Susanna, their daughter, d. 1835; John Thomas Baumgartner, of Godmanchester, d. 1874; and Phillipa, his wife, d. 1882.2. The Hon. Ursula [Cockburn Dickinson], daughter of Lord Londesborough, d. 18803. Window to Francis Trevelyan Egerton Cockburn-Dickinson, d. 1885.4. Reginald Charles Coleridge, d. 1912.5. Window renovated in memory of Leonard & Phyllis Everett 1983Nave:1. John Sugar Thompson, d. 1846, and Susanna, his wife, d. 1842.2. War Memorial, 1914-1918: Sec Lieutenant John Arthur Marshall, Sergt Herbert John Freeman, Sergt Edward Frank Todd, Corpl Joseph Edwin Livett, M.M., Corpl George Robinson Wells, Pte Albert Edward Rann, Pte Joseph Belsham, Pte Charles Amos Baxter, Pte Albert William Linford, Pte George Childs, Pte Albert Walter Hall.1. War Memorial, 1939-45 The chiming set was installed in 1949 to the glory of God & dedicated to the memory of Alfred George Ernist Jones; George William Arthur Mitchell and William Ernest Warren who lost their lives in the war.Floor slabs:1. Robert Waller, d. 1730.2. Daniel John Hopkins MA Formerly curate and after vicar of the parish for 28 years 16-6-1857 in his 79th year:3. Mary wife of Daniel Hopkins whose short but virtuous life was suddenly closed after giving birth to an infant son on the evening of 1st Jan 1822 in the 27th year of her age. Also of second wife Esther Barnard Hopkins whose zealous life was terminated by consumption on the morning of the 23rd day of September 1827 in the 42nd year of her age.North aisle:1. Mary wife of John Waller, d. 1745, age 27.2. Emily Lizette Gladwin, d. 1860, & a floor slab to E. L. G. by north door.3. Leslie Charles Papworth devoted to the service of British legion 1888 - 19504. Robert Hibberd 1904 to Jan. 1983, chorister for 60 years & sexton for 45 years.South aisle:1. John Trotter, citizen & grocer of London d. 1746 and Elizabeth (Snagg), his wife, d, 1742.2. Leonard Waller, d. 1794, and Mary, his wife, d. 1764.3. Charles Desborough 19th March 1929, Constance his wife 31st July 1929Tower:1. The Rev. Vyner Snell, B.A., Rector of Doddington, Cambs, d. 1751; Mary, his daughter, d. 1735; Margaret (Hall), his wife, d 1794; and her sister, Mary Hall. 21APPENDIX 5HUNTINGDON COUNTY RECORD OFFICEHARTFORD PARISH RECORDS (Ref: ACC. 2535/-)Registers:General 1538 - 1766 2535/1(marriage entries cease in 1753) (M & B 1539 a)Baptisms & Burials 1766 - 1812 2535/2Baptisms 1813 - 1893 2535/3Burials 1813 - 1938 2535/4Marriages(with Banns, 1754 -1793) 1754 -1812 2535/5Marriages 1813 - 1835 2535/61837 - 1958 2535/7Banns 1824 - 1906 2535/8(on the inside of the back cover are a few baptisms for 1893 - 94)General:Vestry Minute Book 1781 - 1867 2535/9Overseers of the Poor: Account Book 1828 - 1839 2535/10Printed copy of the Act for dividing, Allotting and Inclosing the 1771 2535/11Open and Commable Fields, meadows, Pastures, Lands andWaste Grounds of the Manor, Parish and Liberties of HartfordHartford Inclosure Award. 15 May, 1772 2535/12Manor of Hartford: Copy of Court Roll. 5 Feb. 1813 2535/13Manor of Hartford: Compensation Agreement conveyance. 23 July 1937 2535/14Manor of Hartford: Attested copy of Conveyance & Enfranchisement 12 Nov 1859 2535/15A large number of documents from the iron chest in the church, were deposited with the County record office in the 1980's. These had not been examined at the time of the research for this booklet.APPENDIX 6Inscriptions of some churchyard memorialsA Sacred/ to the memory of/ JOHN PEACOCK/ (son of Rev. W PEACOCK/ and ANN hiswife)/ who died Feb 15th 1840/in the 45th year of his age/ Absent from the body presentwith the Lord/ 2 Cor 3 37 verse/(Headstone) [PR-John PEACOCK otp bur 2 Feb 1840 aged 45]B [ ]elict of the late/[ ]LIAM PEACOCK/ [ ]d this life 11 June 1835/[ ]16 year of herage/ [ ] faith and hope of a joyful/ [ ]rection through Jesus Christ/ [ ] voice from heavensaying unto me/ [ ] blessed are the dead which die in the/ [ ] from henceforth yea saith thespirit/ (bottom line indistinct)/(Broken headstone) [PR - Ann PEACOCK otp bur 17 June 1835 aged 85] 22C In memory of/ the Rev WILLIAM PEACOCK/ Rector of Woolley/ in the County of Huntingdon/ who departed this life/ January the 10th 1817/ in the 68th year of his age/(Headstone) [PR - William PEACOCK otp bur 15 Jan 1817 aged 67]D To/the memory of/ GEORGE PEACOCK/ who died the 24 of August 1803/in his 15thyear/(Headstone) [PR - George PEACOCK son of Rev William & Ann bur 26 Aug 1803]E Sacred/ to the memory of/ ANNE AYLMER/ daughter of ROB AYLMER Gent/ whodeparted this life/ on the 28th day of April 1824/ the day on which she completed/ the 61year of her age/ This stone is erected by her/ sincere friend CATHERINE STEPHENSON/(Headstone) [PR-Ann AYLMER otp bur 3 May 1824 aged 60]F In/ memory of/ GEORGE YEW/ who died/ August 23rd 1821/ aged 65 years/ In/ memoryof/ MARY wife of/ GEORGE YEWS/ who died/ January 14th 1823 aged 71 years/(Headstone) [P R - George YEWS of Hartford bur 26 Aug 1821 Aged 65. Mary YEWS ofHemingford Grey bur 18 Jan 1823 aged 72]G Sacred/ to the memory of/ JAMES HATFIELD/ who departed this life/ July 28th 1831/ inthe 55th year of his age/ Also of/ ANNE his wife/ who died Nov 8th 1863/ aged 78 years/To the memory of/ ROBERT MARTIN/ HATFIELD son of/ JAMES and ANNE HATFIELD who died April 10 1837/ aged 17 years/ To the memory of/ MARY RUSSELL/HATFIELD dau of/ JAS & ANNE HATFIELD/ who died May 1 1839/ aged 17 years/ANN HULL/ HATFIELD/ died Decr 28th 1883/in her 69th year/ To the memory of/JAMES the infant son/ of JAMES and/ ANNE HATFIELD/ who died April 8th 1818/ aged5 months/(Square column with pyramidal cap) [P R - James HATFIELD bur 28 Jul 1831 aged 55. Ann HATFIELD of Barringham Hall, Thetford District, Norfolk & Suffolk bur 13 Nov 1863 aged 78. Robert Martin HATFIELD of Brampton bur 17 Apr 1837 aged 17. Mary Russell HAT-FIELD of Brampton bur 6 May 1839 aged 17. Ann Hull HATFIELD of Neworth bur 7 Jan 1884 aged 69. James HATFIELD of Hartford bur 12 Apr 1818 aged 5 months]H Sacred to the memory of/ the Revd HENRY SWEETING MA. died 29 June 1856 aged 39/(Coped stone with cross-shaped cover)Ia Sacred/ to the memory of/ BENEDICTA DELAMORE/ who died March/the 8 1782 aged77/ Sacred/ to the memory of/ EVA WADE SON relict/ of ROB WADESON/ who diedNovember/ the 12 1781 aged 56/ Sacred/ to the memory of/ MARY WADE SON/ [ ? ]daughter of/ ROBERT and/ ANN WADE SON/ who died May/ the 24 1830/ aged 77/Sacred/ to the memory of/ the Revd EDW WADESON/ eldest son of ROBERT/ and EVAWADESON/ who died September/ the 2nd 1818/ aged 67/(Hexagonal column with pyramidal cap standing on No. lb) [P R - Benedicta DELAMORE spin bur 13 Mar 1782. Eva WADESON bur 18 Nov 1781. Mary WADESON of Huntingdon bur 31 May 1830 aged 77. Rev Edward WADESON of Huntingdon bur 7 Sep 1818 aged 67] lb EVA WADESON/ Ob. 12 No[ ]81 Et 56/ Be [ ]more/(Rectangular stone face up beneath No. Ia) [P R - See No. Ia]J Sacred/ to the memory of/ HENRY STAMFORD/ who died October 22nd 1858 aged 66 years/ 23(Headstone) [P R - Henry STAMFORD of Hartford bur 25 Oct 1858 aged 66]K To the memory of/ SUSANNA the wife/ of EDWARD ABRAHAM/ who died the 13/ of March 1807/ aged 36[?] years/(Headstone) [P R - Susannah ABRAHAM wife of Edward bur 18 Mar 1807]L LEONARD BUTT/ who died Oct 2 1787/ aged 73/ Sacred to the memory of/ JOSEPH BUTT/ who departed this life/ November the 3 1804/ aged 63 years/ [ ]/MARY BUTT his wife who departed this life/ January the 11 181 1 aged 77 years/ Near this place/lies JOHN THOMPSON/ infant son of JOHN & MARY ANN/ BUTT/ who departed this life/ December the 9 1822, / aged/ five days/(Square column with cap on square base) [P R - Leonard BUTT bur 7 Oct 1787. Joseph BUTT bur 9 Nov 1804. Mary BUTT wife of Joseph, farmer bur 15 Jan 1811. John Thompson BUTT of Hartford bur 1 1 Dec 1822 aged 5 days]M In memory of/ SAMUEL HALL/ who departed this life/ Jany 23/1818 aged 58 years/(Headstone) [P R - Samuel HALL otp bur 30 Jan 1818 aged 58]N In memory of/ HAM[?]ETT HALL/ who departed this life/ Jan 23, / 1815 aged 23 years/(Headstone) [P R - Harriet? HALL otp bur 26 Jan 1815 aged 22]O In affectionate/ remembrance of/ ROBERT BURRELL/ who died 30th Sept 1863/ aged 46 years/ God hath not appointed us to wrath but/ to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ/ who died for us that whether we wake/ or sleep we should live together with Him/ Also of/ JANE BOWYER CRANFIELD/ wife of the above/ who died 17th March 1919/ aged 98 years/ At evening time it shall be light/(Horizontal stone on low plinth. Indications that it was once within railings) [P R - Robert BURRELL of Hartford bur 6 Oct 1863 aged 46. Jane Bowyer CRANFIELD of Brampton bur 2 1 Mar 1919 aged 98]Pa In/loving memory/ of/ DANIEL CLARKE/ who died Augst 23rd 1818/ aged 70 years/ "Death is swallowed up in victory" 1 Cor XV 54/ "Where is death's sting?/ where grave thy victory?"/ Also of MARY ANN/ wife of the above/ who died at Barnsley Feb 10 1904/in her 84th year/ Her children arise up and call her/ blessed/ Also of CATHERINE TURNELL/ 3rd daughter of the above/ died May 25th 1910 aged 59 years/ Interred at Worsboro Dale/(Headstone) [P R - Daniel CLARKE bur 26 Aug 1888 aged 70. Mary Ann CLARKE of Barnsley bur 13 Feb 1904 aged 83]Pb D.C/1888 (footstone)Reference: Mike Stephenson 1998 Original document: Huntingdonshire Family History Soci-etyR Table Tomb, south of chancel, close to river wall, Henry Thomas Ban-att, Soliciter died 1841, one of the best and longest epitaphs in the country, it commences'Unknown to fame, nor wishing to be known, yet sleeps beneath this monumental stone, no common man, and ne'er was record set o'er one more worth an honest hearts regret. 24Reference: P. C. M. Dickenson 1944HISTORICAL SUMMARY1086 First record in the Domesday Book of a wooden church at Hartford1180 Present Church built under the Patronage of the Prior of Huntingdon.1247 First record of Clergy.(List available up to the present day) 1349 John de Infirmaria deHerford, as well as being Vicar was the Principal of the Infirmary of St. Giles whichstood in the Hartford Meadows, but closed in this year, because of the reduction in thepopulation owing to the Black Death. 1514 Parishioners took action against theirPatron, the Prior of Huntingdon, over Navigation Rights of the river, but were defeated.1552 There were five bells in the late 15th century tower1540 Due to the dissolution of the Monasteries, the Patronage of the Church became vacant.1544 Sir Henry Williams, alias Cromwell, bought the land and acquired the Patronage of the Church.1565 The parishioners took action against Sir Henry Williams due to his neglect of the maintenance of the Church.1585 Sir Henry Williams was brought to trial and found guilty of not carrying out his duties to maintain the church.1590 The Patronage of our church became the responsibility of the Crown.1845 Old vicarage built.1860 Vicarage extension1861 Extensive restoration of the church took place.1895 Restoration: roof re-tiled; organ, font and pulpit moved; bells re-hung; new lamps.1898 Parish Hall built opposite vicarage gates.1936 Vicarage refurbishment.1948 Faculty to allow installation of electricity in the church. 1949 Chiming apparatus installed for bells.1983 Present vicarage built.2003 Reception facilities added to the church.My primary source for information has been “All Saints Church Hartford – A brief guide and history” which was researched and compiled by Mrs L Coley & Mr D. Cozens in 1980.This was updated in 1999 by Mr J.S. Craven.Thanks are also due to Mike Stephenson of the Huntingdonshire Family History Society for providing and granting permission to use copyright resources of the Huntingdonshire Family History Society for this website.If you are interested in finding out more there are a number of resources both online and using more traditional resources.Those that I have identified are:The Huntingdonshire Family History Society. The Hunts FHS has published the Hartford Parish Registers from 1538 - 1890 and the Monumental inscriptions for the years 1707 - 1999.These can be obtained from their bookstall at Huntingdon Libraryhttp://www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/leisure/archives/local_history/hunts/Cambridgeshire Library online archives at http://www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/leisure/archives/catalogue/The British History society especially at:http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42476The Norris Museum, St IvesThe Cromwell Museum, Huntingdon
Therearefour20thCenturymemorialplaques.Theoneonthechancelwallisinmemory of a victim of the Titanic disaster in 1912, Mr. R.C. Coleridge pictured left.Hewasinstrumentalinhelpingtoformthe1st.Hunts(Hartford)ScoutGroupin1908.Mr Coleridgehadapparentlybookedonthe'NewYork'sailingfromSouthampton,butwas offeredaplaceontheTitanicsailingfromLiverpoolbecausetherewasastrike.Thereare ofcourse,Warmemorialstoparishionerswhodiedinthetwogreatwarsofthiscentury (Seeappendix4).TheotherchancelwindowwasrestoredinmemoryofLeonard&Phyllis Everett in 1983.Someofthememorialsarementionedinthetextastheyformpartofthefixturesor fittings.ThereisasmallpotterygroupofChristshowingabirdtosomechildren commemorating H. Pardoe, who died in 1976.
Thechurchyardwasextendednorthwardsin1906for reasonsthataredescribedinthiscuttingfromtheHunts CountyNewsandthisnowincludesanareaforthe interment of ashes.The1951 ActofParliamentsawthediscontinuanceofnew burials.Thelastrecordedburialinafamilygravewasin 1978,accordingtotheRecordofBurials.Thefirst 'Interment of Ashes' was in 1966.ThechurchyardisnowinthecareofHuntingdonTown Council. Themaponthepreviouspage,inconjunctionwith appendix6,givesdetailsofsomeoftheinscriptions.The areaenclosedbythedottedlineonthenorthsideofthe church will be the site of our new extension.
The earliest settlement in this part of the Ouse was Hartford. The village is older than Huntingdon or Godmanchester.Traces of Stone, Iron and Bronze Age settlements have been found. Names of these early villages are un-known, but the Saxons called it Hereforde, meaning 'army ford'.
IntroductionThe Parish Church of All Saints' Hartford was originally built in 1180 on the site of a Roman watch tower in a picturesque setting on the banks of the River Ouse. The walls are of pebble and stone rubble with stone dressings and tiled roofs. Much rebuilding has been done especially in 1861 and 1895. Christian worship in the village can be traced back even earlier to 1086 when the Domesday Book records a simple wooden church, which was probably situated in the old vicarage garden. A further extension was completed in 2003 to add reception and heating facilities to the church.The ArchitectureMostofthearchitecturaldescriptionsinthisbookletarebasedonthosefoundintheRoyalCommissionofHistoricalMonuments,An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Huntingdonshire. See appendix 1 for a glossary of some of the architectural items.
EdwardtheConfessorhadhelditanditsvaluehad depreciatedconsiderablysincehistime£24before1066, £15in1086.Themanorwasassessedat15hidesand therewerethenapriest,twochurches,twomills,anda considerablequantityofwoodland.Atthetimeofthe DomesdaySurvey,HartfordincludedKing'sRipton, whichaccountsforthereturnofthetwochurchesand mills.TheparishalsoincludedTheRoyalForestof Sapley, which has now completely disappeared.
Inthe17thCentury,HartfordManorlandsweresplitupand soldtovariouspeople.SirHenryWilliams,aliasCromwell, hadbeengrantedthelandswhenthePriory,whichhadowned themforfourcenturies,wasdissolved.SirHenry'schildren soldthemtoRobertTaylor,anditwasonhisdeaththatthe Manorlandsweredividedin1608.Thenewfarmsthus formedwouldhavenewhousesforownersandworkers. Thesewouldmostlikelybebuiltinthevillage,butfurther away from the river.
Cottages in Church Lane courtesy of Lynn Wright
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HISTORYIntroductionThe Parish Church of All Saints' Hartford was originally built in 1180 on the site of a Roman watch tower in a picturesque setting on the banks of the River Ouse. The walls are of pebble and stone rubble with stone dressings and tiled roofs. Much rebuilding has been done especially in 1861 and 1895. Christian worship in the village can be traced back even earlier to 1086 when the Domesday Book records a simple wooden church, which was probably situated in the old vicarage garden. A further extension was completed in 2003 to add reception and heating facilities to the church…Please access the desktop site for further information.